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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Lander, Eric S.; Aiden, Aviva Presser; Rivera, Miguel N.; Rheinbay, Esther; Ku, Manching; Coffman, Erik J.; Truong, Thanh T.; Vargas, Sara O.; Haber, Daniel A.; Bernstein, Bradley E. (Elsevier, 2010-06)
    Wilms tumor is the most common pediatric kidney cancer. To identify transcriptional and epigenetic mechanisms that drive this disease, we compared genome-wide chromatin profiles of Wilms tumors, embryonic stem cells (ESCs), ...
  • Cunningham, Daniel P.; Asada, Harry (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-07)
    A simple, compact, yet powerful robotic winch, called ldquoWinch-Bot,rdquo is presented in this paper. The Winch-Bot is an underactuated robot having only one controllable axis. Although hanging a load with merely one ...
  • Bryant, Jessica; Aylward, Frank O.; Eppley, John M.; Karl, David M.; Church, Matthew J.; DeLong, Edward Francis (Nature Publishing Group, 2015-12)
    Few microbial time-series studies have been conducted in open ocean habitats having low seasonal variability such as the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre (NPSG), where surface waters experience comparatively mild seasonal ...
  • Lauderdale, Jonathan; Garabato, Alberto C. Naveira; Oliver, Kevin I. C.; Follows, Michael J.; Williams, Richard G. (Springer-Verlag, 2013-01)
    The effect of idealized wind-driven circulation changes in the Southern Ocean on atmospheric CO[subscript 2] and the ocean carbon inventory is investigated using a suite of coarse-resolution, global coupled ocean circulation ...
  • Josey, Colin; Forget, Benoit Robert Yves; Smith, Kord S. (Taylor & Francis, 2015-04)
    This paper compares the accuracy of the windowed multipole direct Doppler broadening method to that of the ENDF-B/VII.1 libraries that come with MCNP6. Various windowed multipole libraries were generated with different ...
  • Blair, Kim B.; Berry, Michael S.; Las Fargeas, Jonathan C. (Elsevier, 2010-06)
    A wingsuit is a special suit that is worn to allow the user to fly after jumping off of a high cliff. The wingsuit creates an airfoil shape by adding wings of material between the arms and the sides as well as a tail ...
  • Sugel, Ian; Luders, Brandon Douglas; Ellertson, Aaron Cole; How, Jonathan P (American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2016-05)
    A key challenge facing modern airborne delivery systems, such as parafoils, is the ability to accurately and consistently deliver supplies into difficult, complex terrain. Robustness is a primary concern, given that ...
  • Dutkiewicz, Stephanie; Scott, Jeffery R.; Follows, Michael J. (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2013-05)
    We employ a marine ecosystem model, with diverse and flexible phytoplankton communities, coupled to an Earth system model of intermediate complexity to explore mechanisms that will alter the biogeography and productivity ...
  • Zanchettin, Davide; Lohmann, Katja; Luterbacher, Jürg; Jungclaus, Johann H.; Moreno Chamarro, Eduardo (Nature Publishing Group, 2017-08)
    Climate reconstructions reveal a strong winter amplification of the cooling over central and northern continental Europe during the Little Ice Age period (LIA, here defined as c. 16th-18th centuries) via persistent, blocked ...
  • Almond, Douglas; Chen, Yuyu; Greenstone, Michael; Li, Hongbin (American Economic Association, 2009-05)
    Air quality in China is notoriously poor. Ambient concentrations of Total Suspended Particulates (TSP) 1981-1993 were more than double China’s National Annual Mean Ambient Air Quality Standard of 200 mg/m-3 (Xiaohui Bi et ...
  • Guenther, Frank H.; Brumberg, Jonathan S.; Wright, E. Joseph; Nieto-Castanon, Alfonso; Tourville, Jason A.; Panko, Mikhail; Law, Robert; Siebert, Steven A.; Bartels, Jess L.; Andreasen, Dinal S.; Ehirim, Princewill; Mao, Hui; Kennedy, Philip R. (Public Library of Science, 2009-12)
    Background: Brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) involving electrodes implanted into the human cerebral cortex have recently been developed in an attempt to restore function to profoundly paralyzed individuals. Current BMIs for ...
  • Matsudaira, Paul T.; Anwar, Mekhail (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-06)
    Biosensors have a need to accurately detect and quantify a biological target within a complex medium, such as serum. Cells are uniquely qualified to accomplish this, but cannot communicate with the outside world. We ...
  • Azzarelli, Joseph Michael; Mirica, Katherine; Ravensbaek, Jens B.; Swager, Timothy Manning; Ravnsbaek, Jens B. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2014-12)
    Chemical sensing is of critical importance to human health, safety, and security, yet it is not broadly implemented because existing sensors often require trained personnel, expensive and bulky equipment, and have large ...
  • Heindlmaier, Michael; Lun, Desmond S.; Traskov, Danail; Medard, Muriel (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2011-07)
    This paper addresses the problem of inter-session network coding to maximize throughput for multiple communication sessions in wireless networks. We introduce virtual multicast connections which can extract packets from ...
  • Wentz, Christian T.; Bernstein, Jacob G.; Monahan, Patrick Erin; Guerra, Alexander; Rodriguez, Alex; Boyden, Edward Stuart (Institute of Physics Publishing, 2011-08)
    Optogenetics, the ability to use light to activate and silence specific neuron types within neural networks in vivo and in vitro, is revolutionizing neuroscientists' capacity to understand how defined neural circuit elements ...
  • Long, James; Buyukozturk, Oral (SPIE, 2016-04)
    Wireless sensor networks promise to deliver low cost, low power and massively distributed systems for structural health monitoring. A key component of these systems, particularly when sampling rates are high, is the ...
  • Chen, Ritchie; Romero Uribe, Gabriela; Christiansen, Michael Gary; Mohr, Alan C.; Anikeeva, Polina Olegovna (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2015-03)
    Wireless deep brain stimulation of well-defined neuronal populations could facilitate the study of intact brain circuits and the treatment of neurological disorders. Here we demonstrate minimally-invasive and remote neural ...
  • Rabbachin, Alberto; Conti, Andrea; Win, Moe Z. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2015-02)
    Wireless secrecy is essential for communication confidentiality, health privacy, public safety, information superiority, and economic advantage in the modern information society. Contemporary security systems are based on ...
  • Win, Moe Z.; Pinto, Pedro C.; Barros, Joao (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-06)
    We consider the fundamental security limits of stochastic wireless networks in the presence of colluding eavesdroppers. By establishing a direct connection with the single-input multiple-output (SIMO) Gaussian wiretap ...
  • Shi, Lixin; Katabi, Dina; Kabelac, Zachary E.; Perreault, David J. (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2015-09)
    Each year, consumers carry an increasing number of gadgets on their person: mobile phones, tablets, smartwatches, etc. As a result, users must remember to recharge each device, every day. Wireless charging promises to free ...
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