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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Duflo, Esther (American Economic Association, 2012-12)
    Women empowerment and economic development are closely related: in one direction, development alone can play a major role in driving down inequality between men and women; in the other direction, empowering women may benefit ...
  • Gibson, Lorna (Wiley Blackwell (Blackwell Publishing), 2006-06)
    Woodpeckers are capable of repeated pecking on a tree at remarkably high decelerations (on the order of 10 000 m s−2 or 1000 g). In this paper, I re-examine previous studies of pecking and scaling effects in brain injury. ...
  • Piantadosi, Steven Thomas; Tily, Harry Joel; Gibson, Edward A. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2011-03)
    We demonstrate a substantial improvement on one of the most celebrated empirical laws in the study of language, Zipf's 75-y-old theory that word length is primarily determined by frequency of use. In accord with rational ...
  • Leiserson, Charles E.; Schardl, Tao Benjamin (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2010-06)
    We have developed a multithreaded implementation of breadth-first search (BFS) of a sparse graph using the Cilk++ extensions to C++. Our PBFS program on a single processor runs as quickly as a standar. C++ breadth-first ...
  • Zimanyi, Eric N.; Silbey, Robert J. (American Institute of Physics, 2009-05)
    The connection between work and changes in the Hamiltonian for a system with a time-dependent Hamiltonian has recently been called into question, casting doubt on the usefulness of the Jarzynski equality for calculating ...
  • Miller, Earl K.; Buschman, Tim (MIT Press, 2015-01)
    Why can your brain store a lifetime of experiences but process only a few thoughts at once? In this article we discuss “cognitive capacity” (the number of items that can be held “in mind” simultaneously) and suggest that ...
  • Gil-Gómez de Liaño, Beatriz; Rodríguez, Carmen; Potter, Mary C (Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2013-02)
    The present paper examines the effects of memory contents and memory load in rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) speeded tasks, trying to explain previous inconsistent results. We used a one target (Experiment 1) and ...
  • Krebs, Hermano Igo; Volpe, Bruce; Hogan, Neville (BioMed Central Ltd., 2009-02)
    We reviewed some of our initial insights about the process of upper-limb behavioral recovery following stroke. Evidence to date indicates that intensity, task specificity, active engagement, and focusing training on motor ...
  • Curino, Carlo; Jones, Evan Philip Charles; Madden, Samuel R.; Balakrishnan, Hari (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2011-06)
    In most enterprises, databases are deployed on dedicated database servers. Often, these servers are underutilized much of the time. For example, in traces from almost 200 production servers from different organizations, ...
  • de Melo, Welington; Quastel, Jeremy; Zorich, Anton; Poonen, Bjorn (American Mathematical Society (AMS), 2014-12)
    The Work of the 2014 Fields Medalists Welington de Melo, Bjorn Poonen, Jeremy Quastel, and Anton Zorich The Notices solicited the following articles about the works of the four individuals to whom Fields Medals were awarded ...
  • Bailyn, Lotte (New York State School of Industrial and Labor Relations, Cornell University, 2014-08)
  • Esposito, Massimiliano; Horowitz, Jordan M. (American Physical Society, 2016-08)
    We develop a consistent stochastic thermodynamics for environments composed of thermodynamic reservoirs in an external conservative force field, that is, environments described by the generalized or Gibbs canonical ensemble. ...
  • Hoss, Frauke; Keith, David; Kuang, Zhiming; Lundquist, Julie; Miller, Lee; Emanuel, Kerry Andrew (American Meteorological Society, 2016-04)
    A workshop was held at Harvard University in June 2015 for the purposes of assessing the state of research on possible climate effects of wind turbines and identifying important outstanding issues and possible means by ...
  • Franck, T.; Fiddaman, T.; Jones, A.; McCauley, S.; Rice, P.; Sawin, E.; Siegel, L.; Rooney-Varga, J. N.; Sterman, John (SAGE Publications, 2014-01)
    Global negotiations to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have so far failed to produce an agreement. Even if negotiations succeeded, however, a binding treaty could not be ratified or implemented in many nations due ...
  • Cook, L. Pamela; Zhou, Lin; McKinley, Gareth H (Elsevuer, 2014-06)
    The two species, scission/reforming Vasquez–Cook–McKinley (VCM) model was formulated to describe the coupling between the viscoelastic fluid rheology and the kinetics of wormlike micellar assembly and deformation-induced ...
  • Simchi-Levi, David; Wei, Yehua (Institute for Operations Research and the Management Sciences (INFORMS), 2015-01)
    Theoretical studies of process flexibility designs have mostly focused on expected sales. In this paper, we take a different approach by studying process flexibility designs from the worst-case point of view. To study the ...
  • Demaine, Erik D.; Iacono, John; Langerman, Stefan (Springer-Verlag, 2014-01)
    Consider laying out a fixed-topology binary tree of N nodes into external memory with block size B so as to minimize the worst-case number of block memory transfers required to traverse a path from the root to a node of ...
  • Atala, Anthony; Irvine, Darrell J.; Moses, Marsha A.; Shaunak, Sunil (Cambridge University Press (Materials Research Society), 2010-08)
    One of the major challenges in the field of regenerative medicine is how to optimize tissue regeneration in the body by therapeutically manipulating its natural ability to form scar at the time of injury or disease. It is ...
  • Petersen, Christian P.; Redien, Peter (National Academy of Sciences, 2009-10)
    Regeneration requires specification of the identity of new tissues to be made. Whether this process relies only on intrinsic regulative properties of regenerating tissues or whether wound signaling provides input into ...
  • Brojan, Miha; Terwagne, Denis; Lagrange, Romain; Reis, Pedro Miguel (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2015-01)
    We present the results of an experimental investigation on the crystallography of the dimpled patterns obtained through wrinkling of a curved elastic system. Our macroscopic samples comprise a thin hemispherical shell bound ...
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