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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Vaishnav, Chintan H.; Choucri, Nazli; Clark, David D. (Springer US, 2013-11)
    The purpose of this paper is to conceptualize the hitherto separate domains of Cyberspace and International Relations into an integrated socio-technical system that we jointly call the cyber International Relations (Cyber-IR) ...
  • Kisby, Glen E.; Fry, Rebecca C.; Lasarev, Michael R.; Bammler, Theodor K.; Beyer, Richard P.; Churchwell, Mona; Doerge, Daniel R.; Meira, Lisiane B.; Palmer, Valerie S.; Ramos-Crawford, Ana-Luiza; Ren, Xuefeng; Sullivan, Robert C.; Kavanagh, Terrance J.; Samson, Leona D.; Zarbl, Helmut; Spencer, Peter S. (Public Library of Science, 2011-06)
    Methylazoxymethanol (MAM), the genotoxic metabolite of the cycad azoxyglucoside cycasin, induces genetic alterations in bacteria, yeast, plants, insects and mammalian cells, but adult nerve cells are thought to be unaffected. ...
  • Cheng, Wai K.; Rodriguez, Juan Felipe (SAE International, 2016-04)
    The first 3 cycles in the cold crank-start process at 20°C are studied in a GDI engine. The focus is on the dependence of the HC and PM/PN emissions of each cycle on the injection strategy and combustion phasing of the ...
  • Conlon, David; Fox, Jacob; Sudakov, Benny (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co., 2014-12)
    In the 1960s, Erdős and Gallai conjectured that the edge set of every graph on n vertices can be partitioned into O(n) cycles and edges. They observed that one can easily get an O(nlogn) upper bound by repeatedly removing ...
  • Acemoglu, Daron; Wolitzky, Alexander Greenberg (American Economic Association, 2014-04)
    We propose a model of cycles of conflict and distrust. Overlapping generations of agents from two groups sequentially play coordination games under incomplete information about whether the other side consists of bad types ...
  • Pierson, Kawika; Sterman, John (Wiley Blackwell, 2013-07)
    Aggregate airline industry earnings have exhibited large-amplitude cyclical behavior since deregulation in 1978. To explore the causes of these cycles we develop a behavioral dynamic model of the airline industry with ...
  • Wang, Zhang-Jie; Li, Qing-Jie; Cui, Yi-Nan; Liu, Zhan-Li; Ma, Evan; Sun, Jun; Zhuang, Zhuo; Shan, Zhi-Wei; Suresh, Subra; Li, Ju; Dao, Ming (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2015-11)
    When microscopic and macroscopic specimens of metals are subjected to cyclic loading, the creation, interaction, and accumulation of defects lead to damage, cracking, and failure. Here we demonstrate that when aluminum ...
  • Assaf, Sami H. (Electronic Journal of Combinatorics, 2010-12)
    A classic problem in enumerative combinatorics is to count the number of derangements, that is, permutations with no fixed point. Inspired by a recent generalization to facet derangements of the hypercube by Gordon and ...
  • Elashvili, A. G.; Vinberg, E. B.; Kac, Victor (Springer-Verlag, 2013-02)
    We develop a theory of cyclic elements in semisimple Lie algebras. This notion was introduced by Kostant, who associated a cyclic element with the principal nilpotent and proved that it is regular semisimple. In particular, ...
  • Packard, Corinne E.; Homer, Eric R.; Al-Aqeeli, N.; Schuh, Christopher A. (Taylor & Francis Group, 2010-03)
    A combined program of experiments and simulations is used to study the problem of cyclic indentation loading on metallic glasses. The experiments use a spherical nanoindenter tip to study shear band formation in three ...
  • Buehler, Markus J.; Mooney, David J.; Hunter, Craig P.; Chae, Jeiwook; Yung, Yu Ching (United States National Academy of Sciences, 2009-08)
    Mechanical signals regulate blood vessel development in vivo, and have been demonstrated to regulate signal transduction of endothelial cell (EC) and smooth muscle cell (SMC) phenotype in vitro. However, it is unclear how ...
  • Eng, Jennifer Christina; Lander, Eric S.; Lodish, Harvey F.; Sankaran, Vijay G.; Ludwig, Leif S.; Sicinska, Ewa; Xu, Jian; Bauer, Daniel E.; Patterson, Heide Christine; Metcalf, Ryan A.; Natkunam, Yasodha; Orkin, Stuart H.; Sicinski, Piotr (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 2012-08)
    Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified a genetic variant of moderate effect size at 6p21.1 associated with erythrocyte traits in humans. We show that this variant affects an erythroid-specific enhancer of ...
  • Dumitriu, Alexandra; Pacheco, Chris D.; Wilk, Jemma B.; Strathearn, Katherine E.; Latourelle, Jeanne C.; Goldwurm, Stefano; Pezzoli, Gianni; Rochet, Jean-Christophe; Lindquist, Susan; Myers, Richard H. (Oxford University Press, 2011-01)
    Although family history is a well-established risk factor for Parkinson's disease (PD), fewer than 5% of PD cases can be attributed to known genetic mutations. The etiology for the remainder of PD cases is unclear; however, ...
  • Han, Ggoch Ddeul; Collins, William R.; Andrew, Trisha Lionel; Bulovic, Vladimir; Swager, Timothy Manning (Wiley Blackwell, 2013-01)
    New tetraalkylcyclobutadiene–C[subscript 60] adducts are developed via Diels–Alder cycloaddition of C[subscript 60] with in situ generated cyclobutadienes. The cofacial π-orbital interactions between the fullerene orbitals ...
  • Adelmann, A.; Shaevitz, M. H.; Winslow, L. A.; Alonso, Jose Ramon; Barletta, William A.; Conrad, Janet; Spitz, Joshua B.; Toups, Matthew (Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2014-01)
    As we enter the age of precision measurement in neutrino physics, improved flux sources are required. These must have a well defined flavor content with energies in ranges where backgrounds are low and cross-section ...
  • McCollough, M. L.; Dunham, M. M.; Corrales, Lia (IOP Publishing, 2016-10)
    Chandra observations have revealed a feature within 16'' of Cygnus X-3 that varied in phase with Cygnus X-3. This feature was shown to be a Bok globule that is along the line of sight to Cygnus X-3. We report on observations ...
  • Vozdek, Roman; Bhatla, Nikhil; Horvitz, H. Robert; Ma, Dengke (Elsevier, 2012-03)
    The C. elegans HIF-1 proline hydroxylase EGL-9 functions as an O[subscript 2] sensor in an evolutionarily conserved pathway for adaptation to hypoxia. H[subscript 2]S accumulates during hypoxia and promotes HIF-1 activity, ...
  • Ma, Dengke; Zheng, Shu; Bhatla, Nikhil; Pender, Corinne Lenore; Horvitz, H. Robert; Rothe, Michael; Menzel, Ralph (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2013-06)
    Oxygen deprivation followed by reoxygenation causes pathological responses in many disorders, including ischemic stroke, heart attacks, and reperfusion injury. Key aspects of ischemia-reperfusion can be modeled by a ...
  • Hendriks, Bart S.; Cosgrove, Benjamin D.; Alexopoulos, Leonidas G.; Hang, Ta-Chun; Sorger, Peter K.; Griffith, Linda G.; Lauffenburger, Douglas A. (Royal Society of Chemistry, 2010-04)
    Idiosyncratic drug hepatotoxicity is a major problem in pharmaceutical development due to poor prediction capability of standard preclinical toxicity assessments and limited knowledge of its underlying mechanisms. Findings ...
  • Chang, Fred; Bathe, Mark (Elsevier B.V., 2010-01)
    Cytokinesis, the final stage of the cell division cycle, requires the proper placement, assembly and contraction of an actomyosin-based contractile ring. Conserved sets of cytokinesis proteins and pathways have now been ...
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