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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Onaga, Lisa; Shell, Hanna Rose (Muse - Johns Hopkins University Press, 2016-01)
    On 11 March 2011, a giant earthquake and tsunami off the coast of Japan triggered the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster. Failure of the plant’s heating and cooling system and an inability to properly stabilize the reactors ...
  • Ratti, Carlo; Morello, Eugenio (Pion Ltd., 2009-04)
    New techniques to measure 2D and 3D visibility over urban spaces are presented in this paper. The concept of the isovist, that is, the visible space from a vantage point, could help in providing a quantifiable basis for ...
  • Havasi, Catherine; Pustejovsky, James; Speer, Robert H.; Lieberman, Henry A. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-07)
    Understanding the world we live in requires access to a large amount of background knowledge: the commonsense knowledge that most people have and most computer systems don't. Many of the limitations of artificial intelligence ...
  • Bohorquez, Jose L.; Yip, Marcus; Chandrakasan, Anantha P.; Dawson, Joel L. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2010-06)
    Acompact, low-power, digitally-assisted sensor interface for biomedical applications is presented. It exploits oversampling and digital design to reduce system area and power, while making the system more robust to ...
  • Cellucci, Daniel; Cramer, Nick; Swei, Sean; Cheung, Kenneth C.; Jenett, Benjamin Eric; Calisch, Samuel Eli; Gershenfeld, Neil A (Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., 2016-10)
    We describe an approach for the discrete and reversible assembly of tunable and actively deformable structures using modular building block parts for robotic applications. The primary technical challenge addressed by this ...
  • Yamauchi, Toyohiko; Choi, Wonshik; Feld, Michael S.; Park, YongKeun; Yaqoob, Zahid; Hillman, Timothy Robert; Dasari, Ramachandra Rao (Nature Publishing Group, 2013-05)
    Optical transmission through complex media such as biological tissue is fundamentally limited by multiple light scattering. Precise control of the optical wavefield potentially holds the key to advancing a broad range of ...
  • Nguyen, Khoa M.; Accardi, Anthony J.; Kim, Helen H.; Wornell, Gregory W.; Sodini, Charles G. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), 2010-11)
    A new technique called digital phase tightening reduces phase noise from receiver front-end circuits to allow precise phase estimation for digital beamforming in millimeter-wave (MMW) imaging applications. This is achieved ...
  • Dutton, N.; Harper, T.; Consalvo, Mia (Sage Publications, 2011-08)
    In early 2008, what started as a small report in an online conservative outlet on the Xbox 360 videogame Mass Effect was picked up by a number of news outlets and blogs. In particular, Fox News’s ‘Live Desk with Martha ...
  • Brown, Matthew G.; Baker, Justin J.; Colonero, Curtis B.; Costa, Joseph S.; Gardner, Thomas D.; Kelly, Michael W.; Schultz, Kenneth I.; Tyrrell, Brian M.; Wey, James R. (Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers, 2010-01)
    Since 2006, MIT Lincoln Laboratory has been developing Digital-pixel Focal Plane Array (DFPA) readout integrated circuits (ROICs). To date, four 256 × 256 30 µm pitch DFPA designs with in-pixel analog to digital conversion ...
  • Goeke, Robert F.; Morgan, Edward H.; Williams, Christopher Leigh; Hewitt, Jacqueline N.; Remillard, Ronald Alan; Kratzenberg, Eric W.; McWhirter, Stephen R.; Cappallo, Roger J.; Corey, Brian E.; Kincaid, Barton B.; Lonsdale, Colin John; Oberoi, Divya; Rogers, Alan E. E.; Salah, Joseph E.; Whitney, Alan R. (Springer-Verlag, 2015-02)
    An FPGA-based digital-receiver has been developed for a low-frequency imaging radio interferometer, the Murchison Widefield Array (MWA). The MWA, located at the Murchison Radio-astronomy Observatory (MRO) in Western ...
  • Das, Jayajit; Ho, Mary; Zikherman, Julie; Govern, Christopher C.; Yang, Ming; Weiss, Arthur; Chakraborty, Arup K.; Roose, Jeroen P. (Elsevier, 2009-01)
    Activation of Ras proteins underlies functional decisions in diverse cell types. Two molecules, RasGRP and SOS, catalyze Ras activation in lymphocytes. Binding of active Ras to SOS' allosteric pocket markedly increases ...
  • Vosoughi, Soroush; Zhou, Helen L.; Roy, Deb K. (Springer-Verlag, 2015)
    There is an ever growing number of users with accounts on multiple social media and networking sites. Consequently, there is increasing interest in matching user accounts and profiles across different social networks in ...
  • Ozsolak, Fatih; Goren, Alon; Gymrek, Melissa A.; Guttman, Mitchell; Regev, Aviv; Bernstein, Bradley E.; Milos, Patrice M. (Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, 2010-02)
    Accurate profiling of minute quantities of RNA in a global manner can enable key advances in many scientific and clinical disciplines. Here, we present low-quantity RNA sequencing (LQ-RNAseq), a high-throughput sequencing-based ...
  • Orlikowski, Wanda J (Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016-08)
    We have been invited to discuss “digital work” and to propose a research agenda for the next decade or so. We value the opportunity to share some thoughts on this important area. In doing so, we will begin with a ...
  • Chai, Xiaoqian; Jacobs, Lucia F. (Public Library of Science, 2012-02)
    The relative length of the second-to-fourth digits (2D:4D) has been linked with prenatal androgen in humans. The 2D:4D is sexually dimorphic, with lower values in males than females, and appears to correlate with diverse ...
  • Marino, Nadia; Jiang, Yanfeng; Chakarawet, Khetpakorn; Kohout, Andrea Laura; Nava, Matthew Jordan; Cummins, Christopher C (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2014-08)
    Dihydrogen tetrametaphosphate [P[subscript 4]O[subscript 12]H[subscript 2]] [superscript 2]- (1) can now be synthesized and isolated as its PPN salt ([PPN] + = [N(PPh[subscript 3])[subscript 2]][superscript +]) via treatment ...
  • Freinkman, Elizaveta; Comb, William C.; Cantor, Jason R.; Tam, Wai Leong; Thiru, Prathapan; Kanarek, Naama; Bierie, Brian; Shaul, Yoav; Kim, Dohoon; Pacold, Michael E; Chen, Walter W.; Possemato, Richard; Reinhardt, Ferenc; Weinberg, Robert A; Yaffe, Michael B; Sabatini, David (Elsevier, 2014-08)
    It is increasingly appreciated that oncogenic transformation alters cellular metabolism to facilitate cell proliferation, but less is known about the metabolic changes that promote cancer cell aggressiveness. Here, we ...
  • Reeg, Christopher; Klinovaja, Jelena; Loss, Daniel; Schrade, Constantin (American Physical Society, 2017-10)
    We find a class of topological superconductors which possess an emergent time-reversal symmetry that is present only after projecting to an effective low-dimensional model. We show that a topological phase in symmetry class ...
  • Wang, Weixue; Lippard, Stephen J. (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2014-01)
    The regulatory component (MMOB) of soluble methane monooxygenase (sMMO) has a unique N-terminal tail not found in regulatory proteins of other bacterial multicomponent monooxygenases. This N-terminal tail is indispensable ...
  • Webb, Damien; Jamison, Timothy F. (American Chemical Society (ACS), 2011-12)
    A continuous flow system for the multiparameter (flow rate, temperature, residence time, stoichiometry) optimization of the DIBALH reduction of esters to aldehydes is described. Incorporating an in-line quench (MeOH), these ...
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