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Browsing MIT Open Access Articles by Title

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  • Gomez, Leonardo; Hashemi, Pouya; Hoyt, Judy L. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2009-10)
    Hole mobility and velocity are extracted from scaled strained-Si[subscript 0.4]5Ge[subscript 0.55]channel p-MOSFETs on insulator. Devices have been fabricated with sub-100-nm gate lengths, demonstrating hole mobility and ...
  • Palmer, Christine D.; Tomassilli, Julia; Sirignano, Michael; Romero-Tejeda, Marisol; Arnold, Kelly B.; Che, Denise; Lauffenburger, Douglas A.; Jost, Stephanie; Allen, Todd; Mayer, Kenneth H.; Altfeld, Marcus (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2014-09)
    This study assessed cellular and soluble markers of immune activation in HIV-1 seronegative MSM. MSM immune profiles were characterized by an increased expression of CD57 on T cells and endotoxemia. Endotoxin presence was ...
  • Dec, A.; Lee, J.; Song, D.; Dale, E.; Peterson, J.; Zorn, S.; Huang, X.; Campbell, B.; Lee, A. W.; Robbins, T. W.; West, A. R.; Bari, Andrea (Springer-Verlag, 2014-09)
    Rationale The neuropeptide Y (NPY) system acts in synergy with the classic neurotransmitters to regulate a large variety of functions including autonomic, affective, and cognitive processes. Research on the effects of ...
  • Ding, Huiming; Lu, Timothy K.; Cheng, Allen A. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2014-08)
    New therapeutic strategies are needed to treat infections caused by drug-resistant bacteria, which constitute a major growing threat to human health. Here, we use a high-throughput technology to identify combinatorial ...
  • Kehlberger, Andreas; Richter, Kornel; Onbasli, Mehmet Cengiz; Jakob, Gerhard; Kim, Dong Hun; Goto, Taichi; Ross, Caroline A.; Kuschel, Timo; Gotz, Gerhard; Klaui, Mathias; Reiss, Gunter (American Physical Society, 2015-07)
    The magnetic and magneto-optic properties of epitaxial CeY[subscript 2]Fe[subscript 5]O[subscript 12] (Ce ∶ YIG) and Y[subscript 3]Fe[subscript 5]O[subscript 12] (yttrium iron garnet or YIG) thin films grown by pulsed laser ...
  • Grandey, B. S.; Wang, Chien (Nature Publishing Group, 2015-08)
    Artificial fertilisation of the ocean has been proposed as a possible geoengineering method for removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. The associated increase in marine primary productivity may lead to an increase ...
  • Muzhikyan, Aramazd; Farid, Amro M; Youcef-Toumi, Kamal (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2015-07)
    Power generation reserves play a central role for maintaining the balance of generation and consumption. Reserves, scheduled in advance, compensate for forecast error, variability and transmission losses. However, as ...
  • Carr, Peter A., Sr.; Wang, Harris H.; Sterling, Bram Henry; Isaacs, Farren J.; Lajoie, Marc J.; Xu, George Jing; Church, George M.; Jacobson, Joseph (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2012-05)
    Genome-scale engineering of living organisms requires precise and economical methods to efficiently modify many loci within chromosomes. One such example is the directed integration of chemically synthesized single-stranded ...
  • Shiue, Ren-Jye; Gan, Xuetao; Gao, Yuanda; Li, Luozhou; Yao, Xinwen; Szep, Attila; Walker, Dennis; Hone, James; Englund, Dirk Robert (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2013-12)
    We demonstrate the controlled enhancement of photoresponsivity in a graphene photodetector by coupling to slow light modes in a long photonic crystal linear defect cavity. Near the Brillouin zone (BZ) boundary, spectral ...
  • Lloyd, Seth; Lupo, Cosmo; Giovannetti, Vittorio; Pirandola, Stefano; Mancini, Stefano (American Physical Society, 2011-07)
    We consider the problem of quantum communication mediated by a passive optical refocusing system. The model captures the basic features of all those situations in which a signal is either refocused by a repeater for ...
  • Morse, Peter D; Beingessner, Rachel L; Jamison, Timothy F (Wiley Blackwell, 2017-04)
    Continuous flow reactors are enabling tools that can significantly benefit chemical reactions, especially those that are path length dependent (e.g., photochemical), mixing or transport dependent (e.g., gas‐liquid), ...
  • Broers, Nico; Nieuwenstein, Mark R.; Potter, Mary C (Springer US, 2017-05)
    Long-term recognition memory for some pictures is consistently better than for others (Isola, Xiao, Parikh, Torralba, & Oliva, IEEE Transaction on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence (PAMI), 36(7), 1469–1482, 2014). ...
  • Chen, Lan; Kwak, Rhokyun; Pham, Van-Sang; Kim, Bumjoo; Han, Jongyoon (Springer Nature, 2016-05)
    Chloride ion, the majority salt in nature, is ∼52% faster than sodium ion (D[subscript Na+] = 1.33, D[subscript Cl−] = 2.03[10[superscript −9]m[superscript 2]s[superscript −1]]). Yet, current electrochemical desalination ...
  • Cho, John Y. (American Meteorological Society, 2015-10)
    New signal processing algorithms for the Airport Surveillance Radar-9 (ASR-9) Weather Systems Processor (WSP) are introduced. The Moving Clutter Spectral Processing for Uneven-Sampled Data with Dealiasing (MCSPUDD) algorithm ...
  • Cappellaro, Paola; Pham, L. M.; Bar-Gill, N.; Belthangady, C.; Sage, D. Le; Lukin, M. D.; Yacoby, A.; Walsworth, R. L. (American Physical Society, 2012-07)
    We use multipulse dynamical decoupling to increase the coherence lifetime (T[subscript 2]) of large numbers of nitrogen-vacancy (NV) electronic spins in room temperature diamond, thus enabling scalable applications of ...
  • Woo, Seonghoon; Tan, Aik Jun; Mann, Maxwell S.; Caretta, Lucas Marcelo; Beach, Geoffrey Stephen (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2014-11)
    Spin-orbit torques (SOTs) are studied in perpendicularly magnetized ultrathin Co films sandwiched between two heavy metals, Pt and Ta. A significant enhancement of the Slonczewski-like torque is achieved by placing dissimilar ...
  • Jiang, Zilong; Masir, Massoud Ramezani; Tang, Chi; Xu, Yadong; MacDonald, Allan H.; Shi, Jing; Chang, Cui-zu; Moodera, Jagadeesh (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-05)
    Spin-momentum locking in protected surface states enables efficient electrical detection of magnon decay at a magnetic-insulator/topological-insulator heterojunction. Here we demonstrate this property using the spin Seebeck ...
  • Lin, Zin; Lončar, Marko; Rodriguez, Alejandro W.; Pick, Adi (American Physical Society, 2016-08)
    We formulate and exploit a computational inverse-design method based on topology optimization to demonstrate photonic crystal structures supporting complex spectral degeneracies. In particular, we discover photonic crystals ...
  • Zhao, Xiaoyong; Poon, Zhiyong; Engler, Amanda C.; Bonner, Daniel K.; Hammond, Paula T. (American Chemical Society, 2012-05)
    One of the major obstacles that delay the clinical translation of polymeric micelle drug delivery systems is whether these self-assembled micelles can retain their integrity in blood following intravenous (IV) injection. ...
  • Navarro-Moratalla, Efren Adolfo; Island, Joshua O.; Mañas-Valero, Samuel; Pinilla-Cienfuegos, Elena; Castellanos-Gomez, Andres; Quereda, Jorge; Rubio-Bollinger, Gabino; Chirolli, Luca; Silva-Guillén, Jose Angel; Agraït, Nicolás; Steele, Gary A.; Guinea, Francisco; van der Zant, Herre S. J.; Coronado, Eugenio; Navarro Moratalla, Efren Adolfo (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-03)
    The ability to exfoliate layered materials down to the single layer limit has presented the opportunity to understand how a gradual reduction in dimensionality affects the properties of bulk materials. Here we use this ...
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