Now showing items 15693-15712 of 34782

    • Is There a Disk of Satellites around the Milky Way? 

      Maji, Moupiya; Zhu, Qirong; Marinacci, Federico; Li, Yuexing (IOP Publishing, 2017-07)
      The "disk of satellites" (DoS) around the Milky Way is a highly debated topic with conflicting interpretations of observations and their theoretical models. We perform a comprehensive analysis of all of the dwarfs detected ...
    • Is there a role for tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) as a novel treatment for refractory COVID-19 associated acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)? 

      Barrett, Christopher D.; Yaffe, Michael B. (Ovid Technologies (Wolters Kluwer Health), 2020-04)
      The global pandemic of COVID-19 has begun to oversaturate the world's medical capacity to accommodate a large surge of patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Acute respiratory distress syndrome has no ...
    • Is There an Energy Efficiency Gap? 

      Allcott, Hunt Volney; Greenstone, Michael (American Economic Association, 2012-01)
      Many analysts of the energy industry have long believed that energy efficiency offers an enormous "win-win" opportunity: through aggressive energy conservation policies, we can both save money and reduce negative externalities ...
    • Is This Time Different? Capture and Anti-Capture of US Politics 

      Acemoglu, Daron; Robinson, James A. (Walter de Gruyter, 2012-03)
      Societies are molded by their institutions that determine both their levels of prosperity and how that prosperity is distributed within society. For most of its history the U.S. has had economic institutions which have ...
    • iSAM2: Incremental smoothing and mapping using the Bayes tree 

      Kaess, Michael; Johannsson, Hordur; Roberts, Richard; Ila, Viorela; Leonard, John Joseph; e.a. (Sage Publications, 2011-12)
      We present a novel data structure, the Bayes tree, that provides an algorithmic foundation enabling a better understanding of existing graphical model inference algorithms and their connection to sparse matrix factorization ...
    • iSAM2: Incremental Smoothing and Mapping with Fluid Relinearization and Incremental Variable Reordering 

      Kaess, Michael; Johannsson, Hordur; Roberts, Richard; Ila, Viorela; Leonard, John Joseph; e.a. (IEEE Robotics & Automation Society, 2011-05)
      We present iSAM2, a fully incremental, graph-based version of incremental smoothing and mapping (iSAM). iSAM2 is based on a novel graphical model-based interpretation of incremental sparse matrix factorization methods, ...
    • ISCB Ebola Award for Important Future Research on the Computational Biology of Ebola Virus 

      Karp, Peter D.; Berger, Bonnie; Kovats, Diane; Lengauer, Thomas; Linial, Michal; e.a. (Public Library of Science, 2015-01)
      Speed is of the essence in combating Ebola; thus, computational approaches should form a significant component of Ebola research. As for the development of any modern drug, computational biology is uniquely positioned to ...
    • Isentropic scaling analysis of ozone in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere 

      Cho, John Y. N.; Thouret, Valérie; Newell, Reginald E.; Marenco, Alain (American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2001-05)
      We examine ozone concentrations recorded by 7630 commercial flights from August 1994 to December 1997 for spatial scaling properties. The large amount of data allows an approximately isentropic analysis of ozone variability ...
    • Ising Nematic Quantum Critical Point in a Metal: A Monte Carlo Study 

      Schattner, Yoni; Kivelson, Steven A.; Berg, Erez; Lederer, Samuel (American Physical Society, 2016-08)
      The Ising nematic quantum critical point associated with the zero-temperature transition from a symmetric to a nematic metal is an exemplar of metallic quantum criticality. We carry out a minus-sign-free quantum Monte Carlo ...
    • An Ising Spin-Based Model to Explore Efficient Flexibility in Distributed Power Systems 

      Shokri Gazafroudi, Amin; Prieto, Javier; Corchado, Juan Manuel; Prieto Castrillo, Francisco (Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2018-05)
      This paper analyses customers’ demand flexibility in a local power trading scenario through an Ising spin-based model. We look at quantitative information on the two-way relationships between power exchanges and spin ...
    • ‘Islamic architecture’ and the profession 

      Rabbat, Nasser (Intellect, 2014-03)
      The term ‘Islamic architecture’ often evokes domed and sumptuously decorated monuments, preferably with minarets and lots of arches. Reductive and exotic, these images are nonetheless quite popular both in the West and in ...
    • Island Cells Control Temporal Association Memory 

      Kitamura, Takashi; Pignatelli di Spinazzola, Mich; Suh, Junghyup; Kohara, Keigo; Tonegawa, Susumu; e.a. (American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), 2014-01)
      Episodic memory requires associations of temporally discontiguous events. In the entorhinal-hippocampal network, temporal associations are driven by a direct pathway from layer III of the medial entorhinal cortex (MECIII) ...
    • Island precipitation enhancement and the diurnal cycle in radiative-convective equilibrium 

      Cronin, Timothy Wallace; Molnar, Peter H.; Emanuel, Kerry Andrew (Wiley Blackwell, 2014-11)
      To understand why tropical islands are rainier than nearby ocean areas, we explore how a highly idealized island, which differs from the surrounding ocean only in heat capacity, might respond to the diurnal cycle and ...
    • Island topographies to reduce short-circuiting in stormwater detention ponds and treatment wetlands 

      Balderas-Guzmán, Celina; Cohen, Samantha R; Xavier, ManoelLucas Machado; Swingle, Tyler R; Qiu, Waishan; e.a. (Elsevier BV, 2018-07)
      Urban stormwater is an increasing environmental problem for cities worldwide. Many cities have turned to green infrastructure solutions, which provide water treatment and retention while also harnessing other ecosystem ...
    • Islet Assessment for Transplantation 

      Papas, Klearchos K.; Suszynski, Thomas M.; Colton, Clark K. (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2009-12)
      Purpose of review: There is a critical need for meaningful viability and potency assays that characterize islet preparations for release prior to clinical islet cell transplantation (ICT). Development, testing, and ...
    • Islet Oxygen Consumption Rate (OCR) Dose Predicts Insulin Independence in Clinical Islet Autotransplantation 

      Papas, Klearchos K.; Bellin, Melena D.; Sutherland, David E. R.; Suszynski, Thomas M.; Kitzmann, Jennifer P.; e.a. (Public Library of Science, 2015-08)
      Background Reliable in vitro islet quality assessment assays that can be performed routinely, prospectively, and are able to predict clinical transplant outcomes are needed. In this paper we present data on the utility ...
    • Iso-acoustic focusing of cells for size-insensitive acousto-mechanical phenotyping 

      Augustsson, Per; Karlsen, Jonas T.; Su, Hao-Wei; Bruus, Henrik; Voldman, Joel (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-05)
      Mechanical phenotyping of single cells is an emerging tool for cell classification, enabling assessment of effective parameters relating to cells’ interior molecular content and structure. Here, we present iso-acoustic ...
    • IsoBase: a database of functionally related proteins across PPI networks 

      Park, Daniel Kyu; Singh, Rohit; Baym, Michael Hartmann; Liao, Chung-Shou; Berger, Bonnie (Oxford University Press, 2011-01)
      We describe IsoBase, a database identifying functionally related proteins, across five major eukaryotic model organisms: Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Drosophila melanogaster, Caenorhabditis elegans, Mus musculus and Homo ...
    • Isocost Lines Describe the Cellular Economy of Genetic Circuits 

      Yazbek, John; Huang, Hsin-Ho; Chung, Hattie; Weiss, Ron; Del Vecchio, Domitilla; e.a. (Elsevier, 2015-08)
      Genetic circuits in living cells share transcriptional and translational resources that are available in limited amounts. This leads to unexpected couplings among seemingly unconnected modules, which result in poorly ...
    • The IsoDAR high intensity H[subscript 2][superscript +] transport and injection tests 

      Calabretta, L.; Campo, D.; Celona, L.; Day, A.; Castro, G.; e.a. (IOP Publishing, 2015-10)
      This technical report reviews the tests performed at the Best Cyclotron Systems, Inc. facility in regards to developing a cost effective ion source, beam line transport system, and acceleration system capable of high ...