Now showing items 2632-2651 of 34083

    • Bridging the Gap Between General-Purpose and Domain-Specific Compilers with Synthesis 

      Cheung, Alvin; Kamil, Shoaib; Solar Lezama, Armando (Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik, 2015)
      This paper describes a new approach to program optimization that allows general purpose code to benefit from the optimization power of domain-specific compilers. The key to this approach is a synthesis-based technique to ...
    • Bridging the gap between high-throughput genetic and transcriptional data reveals cellular pathways responding to alpha-synuclein toxicity 

      Yeger-Lotem, Esti; Riva, Laura; Su, Linhui Julie; Gitler, Aaron D.; Cashikar, Anil G.; e.a. (Nature Publishing Group, 2009-02)
      Cells respond to stimuli by changes in various processes, including signaling pathways and gene expression. Efforts to identify components of these responses increasingly depend on mRNA profiling and genetic library ...
    • Bridging the Gap Between Nanowires and Josephson Junctions: A Superconducting Device Based on Controlled Fluxon Transfer 

      McCaughan, A. N.; Toomey, Emily Anne; Onen, Murat; Colangelo, Marco; Butters, Brenden Andrew; e.a. (American Physical Society, 2019-03)
      The basis for superconducting electronics can broadly be divided between two technologies: the Josephson junction and the superconducting nanowire. While the Josephson junction (JJ) remains the dominant technology due to ...
    • Bridging the gap to mesoscale radiation materials science with transient grating spectroscopy 

      Every, Arthur G.; Dennett, Cody Andrew; Cao, Penghui; Vega-Flick, Alejandro; Ferry, Sara E; e.a. (American Physical Society, 2016-12)
      Direct mesoscale measurements of radiation-induced changes in the mechanical properties of bulk materials remain difficult to perform. Most widely used characterization techniques are either macro- or microscale in nature, ...
    • Bridging the Health Data Divide 

      Marshall, Dominic C; Nair, Sunil S; Phillips, Colin T; Salciccioli, Justin D; Salgueiro, Francisco Muge; e.a. (JMIR Publications, 2016-12)
      Fundamental quality, safety, and cost problems have not been resolved by the increasing digitization of health care. This digitization has progressed alongside the presence of a persistent divide between clinicians, the ...
    • Bridging the Resolution Gap in Structural Modeling of 3D Genome Organization 

      Marti-Renom, Marc A.; Mirny, Leonid A. (Public Library of Science, 2011-07)
      Over the last decade, and especially after the advent of fluorescent in situ hybridization imaging and chromosome conformation capture methods, the availability of experimental data on genome three-dimensional organization ...
    • Brief announcement: Distributed shared memory based on computation migration 

      Lis, Mieszko; Shim, Keun Sup; Cho, Myong Hyon; Fletcher, Christopher Wardlaw; Kinsy, Michel A.; e.a. (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2011-06)
      Driven by increasingly unbalanced technology scaling and power dissipation limits, microprocessor designers have resorted to increasing the number of cores on a single chip, and pundits expect 1000-core designs to ...
    • Brief announcement: Hardness of broadcasting in wireless networks with unreliable communication 

      Newport, Calvin Charles; Kuhn, Fabian; Lynch, Nancy Ann (Association for Computing Machinery, 2009)
      We prove two broadcast lower bounds for a wireless network model that includes unreliable links. For deterministic algorithms, we show n − 1 rounds are required, where n is the number of processes. For randomized algorithms, ...
    • Brief announcement: Minimum spanning trees and cone-based topology control 

      Cornejo Collado, Alex; Lynch, Nancy Ann (Association for Computing Machinery, 2009)
      Consider a setting where nodes can vary their transmission power thereby changing the network topology, the goal of topology control is to reduce the transmission power while ensuring the communication graph remains ...
    • Brief Announcement: Partial Reversal Acyclicity 

      Radeva, Tsvetomira; Lynch, Nancy Ann (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2011)
      Partial Reversal (PR) is a link reversal algorithm which ensures that an initially directed acyclic graph (DAG) is eventually a destination-oriented DAG. While proofs exist to establish the acyclicity property of PR, they ...
    • Brief announcement: Practical synchronous byzantine consensus 

      Abraham, Ittai; Devadas, Srinivas; Nayak, Kartik; Ren, Ling (Schloss Dagstuhl--Leibniz-Zentrum fuer Informatik, 2017)
      This paper presents new protocols for Byzantine state machine replication and Byzantine agreement in the synchronous and authenticated setting. The PBFT state machine replication protocol tolerates f Byzantine faults in ...
    • A Brief History of Music, Computers and Thinking: 1972–2015 

      Bamberger, Jeanne (Springer International Publishing, 2015-07)
      The inaugural issue of the International Journal of Computers and Mathematical Learning (IJCML) appeared in 1996. Now, nearly 20 years later, Digital Experiences in Mathematics Education (DEME) arises like a Phoenix from ...
    • Brief Report: Examining Driving Behavior in Young Adults with High Functioning Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Pilot Study Using a Driving Simulation Paradigm 

      Reimer, Bryan; Fried, Ronna; Joshi, Gagan; Bolfek, Anela; Zhao, Nan; e.a. (Springer US, 2013-01)
      Although it is speculated that impairments associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) will adversely affect driving performance, little is known about the actual extent and nature of the presumed deficits. Ten males ...
    • Brief Report: Just-in-Time Visual Supports to Children with Autism via the Apple Watch:® A Pilot Feasibility Study 

      O’Brien, Amanda; Schlosser, Ralf W.; Shane, Howard C.; Abramson, Jennifer; Allen, Anna A.; e.a. (Springer US, 2016-08)
      Using augmented input might be an effective means for supplementing spoken language for children with autism who have difficulties following spoken directives. This study aimed to (a) explore whether JIT-delivered scene ...
    • The Briefest of Glances: The Time Course of Natural Scene Understanding 

      Greene, Michelle R.; Oliva, Aude (Psychological Science, 2009-04)
      What information is available from a brief glance at a novel scene? Although previous efforts to answer this question have focused on scene categorization or object detection, real-world scenes contain a wealth of information ...
    • A Briefly Argued Case That Asgard Archaea Are Part of the Eukaryote Tree 

      Fournier, Gregory P.; Poole, Anthony M. (Frontiers Research Foundation, 2018-08)
      The recent discovery of the Lokiarchaeota and other members of the Asgard superphylum suggests that closer analysis of the cell biology and evolution of these groups may help shed light on the origin of the eukaryote cell. ...
    • Bright and photostable single-photon emitter in silicon carbide 

      Tran, Toan Trong; Aharonovich, Igor; Lienhard, Benjamin; Schroder, Tim; Mouradian, Sara L; e.a. (Optical Society of America, 2016-07)
      Single-photon sources are of paramount importance in quantum communication, quantum computation, and quantum metrology. In particular, there is great interest in realizing scalable solid-state platforms that can emit ...
    • BRIGHT METAL-POOR STARS FROM THE HAMBURG/ESO SURVEY. II. A CHEMODYNAMICAL ANALYSIS 

      Beers, Timothy C.; Placco, Vinicius M.; Carollo, Daniela; Rossi, Silvia; Lee, Young Sun; e.a. (IOP Publishing, 2016-11)
      We obtain estimates of stellar atmospheric parameters for a previously published sample of 1777 relatively bright (9 < B <14) metal-poor candidates from the Hamburg/ESO Survey. The original Frebel et al. analysis of these ...
    • A bright nanowire single photon source 

      Teraji, T.; Isoya, J.; Jelezko, F.; Walsworth, R.; Pacheco, J. L.; e.a. (Optical Society, 2016-06)
      Silicon-vacancy (SiV) centers in diamond are bright sources of indistinguishable single photons. We report fabrication of nanowires coupled to single SiV by deterministic ion implantation, yielding greatly enhanced light ...
    • Bright Room-Temperature Single-Photon Emission from Defects in Gallium Nitride 

      Berhane, Amanuel M.; Bodrog, Zoltán; Fiedler, Saskia; Schröder, Tim; Gali, Adam; e.a. (Wiley Blackwell, 2017-03)
      Room-temperature quantum emitters in gallium nitride (GaN) are reported. The emitters originate from cubic inclusions in hexagonal lattice and exhibit narrowband luminescence in the red spectral range. The sources are found ...