Now showing items 32111-32130 of 32332

    • Wishbone: Profile-based Partitioning for Sensornet Applications 

      Newton, Ryan; Toledo, Sivan; Girod, Lewis D.; Balakrishnan, Hari; Madden, Samuel R. (USENIX Association, 2009-01)
      The ability to partition sensor network application code across sensor nodes and backend servers is important for running complex, data-intensive applications on sensor platforms that have CPU, energy, and bandwidth ...
    • Wisteria Floribunda Agglutinin-Labeled Perineuronal Nets in the Mouse Inferior Colliculus, Thalamic Reticular Nucleus and Auditory Cortex 

      Fader, Sarah; Imaizumi, Kazuo; Yanagawa, Yuchio; Lee, Charles (MDPI AG, 2016-04)
      Perineuronal nets (PNNs) are specialized extracellular matrix molecules that are associated with the closing of the critical period, among other functions. In the adult brain, PNNs surround specific types of neurons, however ...
    • Witchcraft, bureaucraft, and the social life of (US)AID in Haiti 

      James, Erica C. (Wiley Blackwell, 2012-02)
      In this article I discuss the unintended consequences of humanitarian and development assistance provided to “victims of human rights abuses” in Haiti in the years following the restoration of democracy in 1994. Such ...
    • Withholding or withdrawing invasive interventions may not accelerate time to death among dying ICU patients 

      Ramazzotti, Daniele; Clardy, Peter; Celi, Leo Anthony G.; Stone, David J.; Rudin, Robert S. (Public Library of Science, 2019-02)
      This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source ...
    • Within- and cross-modal distance information disambiguate visual size- perception 

      Battaglia, Peter W.; Kersten, Daniel; Machulla, Tonja; Schrater, Paul R.; Ernst, Marc O.; e.a. (Public Library of Science, 2010-01)
      Perception is fundamentally underconstrained because different combinations of object properties can generate the same sensory information. To disambiguate sensory information into estimates of scene properties, our brains ...
    • Witnesses to Design: A Phenomenology of Comparative Design 

      Bucciarelli, Louis; Earl, Chris; Eckert, Claudia; Blackwell, Alan (MIT Press Journals, 2009-02)
      This research is concerned with describing the experience of being a designer and doing design. Many case studies have described individual experiences, both of designers reflecting on their own work, and academic studies ...
    • Witt vectors and K-theory of automorphisms via noncommutative motives 

      Trigo Neri Tabuada, Goncalo Jorge (Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2013-06)
      We prove that the functor ring-of-rational-Witt-vectors W[subscript 0](−) becomes co-representable in the category of noncommutative motives. As an application, we obtain an immediate extension of W[subscript 0](−) from ...
    • Wnt and EGF pathways act together to induce C. elegans male hook development 

      Yu, Hui; Seah, Adeline; Herman, Michael A.; Ferguson, Edwin L.; Horvitz, H. Robert; e.a. (Elsevier, 2008-12)
      Comparative studies of vulva development between Caenorhabditis elegans and other nematode species have provided some insight into the evolution of patterning networks. However, molecular genetic details are available ...
    • Wnt Signaling and the Polarity of the Primary Body Axis 

      Petersen, Christian P.; Reddien, Peter (Elsevier, 2009-12)
      How animals establish and pattern the primary body axis is one of the most fundamental problems in biology. Data from diverse deuterostomes (frog, fish, mouse, and amphioxus) and from planarians (protostomes) suggest that ...
    • Wnt Signaling in Amygdala-Dependent Learning and Memory 

      Maguschak, Kimberly A.; Ressler, Kerry J. (Society for Neuroscience, 2011-09)
      In addition to its role in cellular development and proliferation, there are emerging in vitro data implicating the Wnt/β-catenin pathway in synaptic plasticity. Yet in vivo studies have not examined whether Wnt activity ...
    • A Wnt-producing niche drives proliferative potential and progression in lung adenocarcinoma 

      Katajisto, Pekka; Tammela, Tuomas; Sanchez-Rivera, Francisco Javier; Cetinbas, Naniye; Wu, Katherine; e.a. (Nature Publishing Group, 2017-05)
      The heterogeneity of cellular states in cancer has been linked to drug resistance, cancer progression and the presence of cancer cells with properties of normal tissue stem cells. Secreted Wnt signals maintain stem cells ...
    • Wolfgang von Ohnesorge 

      McKinley, Gareth H.; Renardy, Michael (American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2011-12)
      This manuscript got started when one of us (G.H.M.) presented a lecture at the Institute of Mathematics and its Applications at the University of Minnesota. The presentation included a photograph of Rayleigh and made ...
    • Women and Power: Unpopular, Unwilling, or Held Back? 

      Casas-Arce, Pablo; Saiz, Albert (University of Chicago Press, 2015-06)
      We use Spain’s Equality Law to test for the existence of agency problems between party leaders and their constituents. The law mandates a 40 percent female quota on electoral lists in towns with populations above 5,000. ...
    • Women Empowerment and Economic Development 

      Duflo, Esther (American Economic Association, 2012-12)
      Women empowerment and economic development are closely related: in one direction, development alone can play a major role in driving down inequality between men and women; in the other direction, empowering women may benefit ...
    • Women in physics in the United States: Recruitment and retention 

      Abramzon, Nina; Benson, Patrice; Blessing, Susan; Cochran, Geraldine L.; Cox, Anne; e.a. (AIP Publishing, 2015-12)
      Initiatives to increase the number, persistence, and success of women in physics in the United States reach preteen girls through senior women. Programs exist at both the local and national levels. In addition, researchers ...
    • Woodpecker pecking: how woodpeckers avoid brain injury 

      Gibson, Lorna (Wiley Blackwell (Blackwell Publishing), 2006-06)
      Woodpeckers are capable of repeated pecking on a tree at remarkably high decelerations (on the order of 10 000 m s−2 or 1000 g). In this paper, I re-examine previous studies of pecking and scaling effects in brain injury. ...
    • Word Forms Are Structured for Efficient Use 

      Mahowald, Kyle Adam; Dautriche, Isabelle; Gibson, Edward A; Piantadosi, Steven T. (Wiley, 2018-10)
      Zipf famously stated that, if natural language lexicons are structured for efficient communication, the words that are used the most frequently should require the least effort. This observation explains the famous finding ...
    • Word lengths are optimized for efficient communication 

      Piantadosi, Steven Thomas; Tily, Harry Joel; Gibson, Edward A. (National Academy of Sciences (U.S.), 2011-03)
      We demonstrate a substantial improvement on one of the most celebrated empirical laws in the study of language, Zipf's 75-y-old theory that word length is primarily determined by frequency of use. In accord with rational ...
    • Wordform Similarity Increases With Semantic Similarity: An Analysis of 100 Languages 

      Dautriche, Isabelle; Piantadosi, Steven T.; Mahowald, Kyle Adam; Gibson, Edward A (Wiley Blackwell, 2017-11)
      Although the mapping between form and meaning is often regarded as arbitrary, there are in fact well-known constraints on words which are the result of functional pressures associated with language use and its acquisition. ...
    • Words cluster phonetically beyond phonotactic regularities 

      Dautriche, Isabelle; Christophe, Anne; Piantadosi, Steven T.; Mahowald, Kyle Adam; Gibson, Edward A (Elsevier, 2017-03)
      Recent evidence suggests that cognitive pressures associated with language acquisition and use could affect the organization of the lexicon. On one hand, consistent with noisy channel models of language (e.g., Levy, 2008), ...