Robust estimation, regression and ranking with applications in portfolio optimization
Author(s)Nguyen, Tri-Dung, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Operations Research Center.
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Classical methods of maximum likelihood and least squares rely a great deal on the correctness of the model assumptions. Since these assumptions are only approximations of reality, many robust statistical methods have been developed to produce estimators that are robust against the deviation from the model assumptions. Unfortunately, these techniques have very high computational complexity that prevents their application to large scale problems. We present computationally efficient methods for robust mean-covariance estimation and robust linear regression using special mathematical programming models and semi-definite programming (SDP). In the robust covariance estimation problem, we design an optimization model with a loss function on the weighted Mahalanobis distances and show that the problem is equivalent to a system of equations and can be solved using the Newton-Raphson method. The problem can also be transformed into an SDP problem from which we can flexibly incorporate prior beliefs into the estimators without much increase in the computational complexity. The robust regression problem is often formulated as the least trimmed squares (LTS) regression problem where we want to nd the best subset of observations with the smallest sum of squared residuals. We show the LTS problem is equivalent to a concave minimization problem, which is very hard to solve. We resolve this difficulty by introducing the maximum trimmed squares" problem that finds the worst subset of observations. This problem can be transformed into an SDP problem that can be solved efficiently while still guaranteeing that we can identify outliers.(cont.) In addition, we model the robust ranking problem as a mixed integer minimax problem where the ranking is in a discrete uncertainty set. We use mixed integer programming methods, specifically column generation and network flows, to solve the robust ranking problem. To illustrate the power of these robust methods, we apply them to the mean-variance portfolio optimization problem in order to incorporate estimation errors into the model.
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Sloan School of Management, Operations Research Center, 2009.This electronic version was submitted by the student author. The certified thesis is available in the Institute Archives and Special Collections.Cataloged from student-submitted PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (p. 108-112).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Operations Research Center.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Operations Research Center.