Efficient file distribution in a flexible,wide-area file system
Author(s)Zhang, Irene Y. (Irene Yun)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
Jeremy Stribling and M. Frans Kaashoek.
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WheelFS is a wide-area distributed file system designed to help applications cope with the challenges of sharing data over the wide-area network. A wide range of applications can use WheelFS as a storage layer because applications can control various trade-offs in WheelFS, such as consistency versus availability, using semantic cues. One key feature that many applications require from any storage system is efficient file distribution. The storage system needs to be able to serve files quickly, even large or popular ones, and allow users and applications to quickly browse files. Wide-area links with high latency and low throughput make achieving these goals difficult for most distributed storage systems. This thesis explores using pre fetching, a traditional file system optimization technique, in wide-area file systems for more efficient file distribution. This thesis focuses on Tread, a pref etcher for WheelFS. Tread includes several types of pre fetching to improve the performance of reading files and directories in WheelFS: read-ahead pre fetching, whole file prefetching, directory prefetching and a prefetching optimization for WheelFS's built-in cooperative caching. To makes the best use of scarce wide-area resources, Tread adaptively rate-limits prefetching and gives applications control over what and how prefetching is done using WheelFS's semantic cues. Experiments show that Tread can reduce the time to read a 10MB file in WheelFS by 40% and the time to list a directory with 100 entries by more than 80%.(cont.) In addition, experiments on Planetlab show that using prefetching with cooperative caching to distribute a 10MB file to 270 clients reduces the average latency for each client to read the file by almost 45%.
Thesis (M. Eng.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2009.Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (p. 63-65).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.