Longitudinal double-spin asymmetry and cross section for inclusive neutral pion production in polarized proton collisions at [the square root of sigma] = 200 GeV.
Author(s)Hoffman, Alan Michael
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Physics.
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Twenty years of polarized lepton-nucleon scattering experiments have found that the contribution from quark spins (1/2[delta] [sigma]) to the spin of the proton is only ~ 35%. This has lead researchers to look elsewhere, specifically to gluon spin ([delta sigma]) for a large contribution to proton spin. [delta sigma] has been only loosely constrained in polarized DIS and SIDIS experiments. Polarized proton-proton collisions at RHIC provide sensitivity to [delta sigma] through measurements of the longitudinal double-spin asymmetry, ALL. This work presents a measurement of ALL for inclusive 7ro production in polarized proton-proton collisions using the STAR detector and data from RHIC Run 6. 7r0s are abundantly produced at mid-rapidity in proton-proton collisions, making them natural candidates for studies of [delta] [sigma]. Novel techniques for reconstructing 7ros at STAR are discussed, and a measurement of the unpolarized cross section presented. Finally, the measured ALL is compared to perturbative QCD predictions and from this comparison constraints are placed on [delta] [sigma].
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Physics, 2009.In title on title page, "the square root of sigma" appears as the mathematical symbol, and "sigma" appears as the lower-case Greek letter. Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (p. 123-126).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Physics.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology