Strong Formulations for Network Design Problems with Connectivity Requirements
Author(s)Magnanti, Thomas L.; Raghavant, S.
The network design problem with connectivity requirements (NDC) models a wide variety of celebrated combinatorial optimization problems including the minimum spanning tree, Steiner tree, and survivable network design problems. We develop strong formulations for two versions of the edge-connectivity NDC problem: unitary problems requiring connected network designs, and nonunitary problems permitting non-connected networks as solutions. We (i) present a new directed formulation for the unitary NDC problem that is stronger than a natural undirected formulation, (ii) project out several classes of valid inequalities-partition inequalities, odd-hole inequalities, and combinatorial design inequalities-that generalize known classes of valid inequalities for the Steiner tree problem to the unitary NDC problem, and (iii) show how to strengthen and direct nonunitary problems. Our results provide a unifying framework for strengthening formulations for NDC problems, and demonstrate the strength and power of flow-based formulations for network design problems with connectivity requirements.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Operations Research Center
Operations Research Center Working Paper;OR 332-99