Now showing items 316-335 of 3804

    • Backup and Recovery of On-line Information in a Computer Utility 

      Stern, Jerry A. (1974-01)
      This thesis describes a design for an automatic backup mechanism to be incorporated in a computer utility for the protection of on-line information against accidental or malicious destruction. This protection is achieved ...
    • Bagging Regularizes 

      Poggio, Tomaso; Rifkin, Ryan; Mukherjee, Sayan; Rakhlin, Alex (2002-03-01)
      Intuitively, we expect that averaging --- or bagging --- different regressors with low correlation should smooth their behavior and be somewhat similar to regularization. In this note we make this intuition precise. ...
    • Bandpass Channels, Zero-Crossings, and Early Visual Information Processing 

      Marr, D.; Poggio, T.; Ullman, S. (1978-09-01)
      A recent advance by B.F. Logan in the theory of one octave bandpass signals may throw new light on spatial-frequency-tuned channels in early visual information processing.
    • Bandwidth Management in Wireless Sensor Networks 

      Hull, Bret; Jamieson, Kyle; Balakrishnan, Hari (2003-04)
      Wireless sensor networks are often used in monitoring and control applications, where software running on generalpurpose computers ÔøΩpullÔøΩ information from remote sensors and ÔøΩpushÔøΩ actuations into the network. The ...
    • Bargaining Between Goals 

      Goldstein, Ira P. (MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, 1975-01)
      Bargaining is a process used to modify conflicting demands on an expendable resource so that a satisfactory allocation can be made. In this paper, I consider the design of a bargaining system to handle the problem of ...
    • Baring it all to Software: The Raw Machine 

      Waingold, Elliot; Taylor, Michael; Sarkar, Vivek; Lee, Walter; Lee, Victor; e.a. (1997-03)
      Rapid advances in technology force a quest for computer architectures that exploit new opportunities and shed existing mechanisms that do not scale. Current architectures, such as hardware scheduled superscalars, are ...
    • Basic Solid Mechanics for Tactile Sensing 

      Fearing, Ronald S.; Hollerbach, John M. (1984-03-01)
      In order to stably grasp objects without using object models, tactile feedback from the fingers is sometimes necessary. This feedback can be used to adjust grasping forces to prevent a part form slipping from a hand. ...
    • A Basis for a Mathematical Theory of Computation 

      McCarthy, John (1962-01-01)
      This paper is a corrected version of the paper of the same title given at the Western Joint Computer Conference, May 1961. A tenth section discussing the relations between mathematical logic and computation has been added. ...
    • Basis Reduction Algorithms and Subset Sum Problems 

      LaMacchia, Brian A. (1991-06-01)
      This thesis investigates a new approach to lattice basis reduction suggested by M. Seysen. Seysen's algorithm attempts to globally reduce a lattice basis, whereas the Lenstra, Lenstra, Lovasz (LLL) family of reduction ...
    • Battling Reality 

      Flynn, Anita M.; Brooks, Rodney A. (1989-10-01)
      In the four years that the MIT Mobile Robot Project has benn in existence, we have built ten robots that focus research in various areas concerned with building intelligent systems. Towards this end, we have embarked on ...
    • The Bayes Tree: Enabling Incremental Reordering and Fluid Relinearization for Online Mapping 

      Kaess, Michael; Dellaert, Frank; Roberts, Richard; Ila, Viorela (2010-01-29)
      In this paper we present a novel data structure, the Bayes tree, which exploits the connections between graphical model inference and sparse linear algebra. The proposed data structure provides a new perspective on an ...
    • A Bayesian inference theory of attention: neuroscience and algorithms 

      Chikkerur, Sharat; Serre, Thomas; Poggio, Tomaso (2009-10-03)
      The past four decades of research in visual neuroscience has generated a large and disparate body of literature on the role of attention [Itti et al., 2005]. Although several models have been developed to describe specific ...
    • Bayesian perceptual inference in linear Gaussian models 

      Battaglia, Peter W. (2010-09-21)
      The aim of this paper is to provide perceptual scientists with a quantitative framework for modeling a variety of common perceptual behaviors, and to unify various perceptual inference tasks by exposing their common ...
    • The Behavior Language; User's Guide 

      Brooks, Rodney A. (1990-04-01)
      The Behavior Language is a rule-based real-time parallel robot programming language originally based on ideas from [Brooks 86], [Connell 89], and [Maes 89]. It compiles into a modified and extended version of the ...
    • A Behavior-Based Arm Controller 

      Connell, Jonathan H. (1988-06-01)
      In this paper we describe a working, implemented controller for a real, physical mobile robot arm. The controller is composed of a collection of 15 independent behaviors which run, in real time, on a set of 8 loosely coupled ...
    • Belief Programming Implementation 

      Atkinson, Eric (2023-11-27)
    • Belief Propagation and Revision in Networks with Loops 

      Weiss, Yair (1997-11-01)
      Local belief propagation rules of the sort proposed by Pearl(1988) are guaranteed to converge to the optimal beliefs for singly connected networks. Recently, a number of researchers have empirically demonstrated good ...
    • A Benchmark of Computational Models of Saliency to Predict Human Fixations 

      Judd, Tilke; Durand, Frédo; Torralba, Antonio (2012-01-13)
      Many computational models of visual attention have been created from a wide variety of different approaches to predict where people look in images. Each model is usually introduced by demonstrating performances on new ...
    • Best-first Enumeration Based on Bounding Conflicts, and its Application to Large-scale Hybrid Estimation 

      Timmons, Eric; Williams, Brian C. (2018-05-24)
      With the rise of autonomous systems, there is a need for them to have high levels of robustness and safety. This robustness can be achieved through systems that are self-repairing. Underlying this is the ability to diagnose ...
    • Beyond the Bits: Cooperative Packet Recovery Using Physical Layer Information 

      Woo, Grace Rusi; Kheradpour, Pouya; Katabi, Dina (2007-05-29)
      Wireless networks can suffer from high packet loss rates. This paper shows that the loss rate can be significantly reduced by exposing information readily available at the physical layer. We make the physical layer convey ...