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Browsing AI Technical Reports (1964 - 2004) by Title

Research and Teaching Output of the MIT Community

Browsing AI Technical Reports (1964 - 2004) by Title

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  • Fitzpatrick, Paul (2003-06-01)
    This thesis presents a perceptual system for a humanoid robot that integrates abilities such as object localization and recognition with the deeper developmental machinery required to forge those competences out of raw ...
  • Yuret, Deniz (1994-05-01)
    The work described in this thesis began as an inquiry into the nature and use of optimization programs based on "genetic algorithms." That inquiry led, eventually, to three powerful heuristics that are broadly applicable ...
  • Lee, Lily (2003-06-26)
    This thesis describes a representation of gait appearance for the purpose of person identification and classification. This gait representation is based on simple localized image features such as moments extracted from ...
  • Resnick, Paul (1989-02-01)
    This thesis explores ways to augment a model-based diagnostic program with a learning component, so that it speeds up as it solves problems. Several learning components are proposed, each exploiting a different kind ...
  • Shirley, Mark Harper (1988-12-01)
    This thesis describes two programs for generating tests for digital circuits that exploit several kinds of expert knowledge not used by previous approaches. First, many test generation problems can be solved efficiently ...
  • Beal, Jacob (2002-01-01)
    In a distributed model of intelligence, peer components need to communicate with one another. I present a system which enables two agents connected by a thick twisted bundle of wires to bootstrap a simple communication ...
  • Chiu, Stephen L. (1985-06-01)
    The flexibility of the robot is the key to its success as a viable aid to production. Flexibility of a robot can be explained in two directions. The first is to increase the physical generality of the robot such that ...
  • Waltz, David L. (1972-11-01)
    The research reported here concerns the principles used to automatically generate three-dimensional representations from line drawings of scenes. The computer programs involved look at scenes which consist of polyhedra ...
  • Kennell, Jonathan (2004-05-18)
    Autonomous vehicles are increasingly being used in mission-critical applications, and robust methods are needed for controlling these inherently unreliable and complex systems. This thesis advocates the use of model-based ...
  • Breuel, Thomas M. (1992-05-01)
    This thesis presents there important results in visual object recognition based on shape. (1) A new algorithm (RAST; Recognition by Adaptive Sudivisions of Tranformation space) is presented that has lower average-case ...
  • Shashua, Amnon (1992-11-01)
    The report addresses the problem of visual recognition under two sources of variability: geometric and photometric. The geometric deals with the relation between 3D objects and their views under orthographic and ...
  • Kashket, Michael B. (1987-01-01)
    Free-word order languages have long posed significant problems for standard parsing algorithms. This thesis presents an implemented parser, based on Government-Binding (GB) theory, for a particular free-word order ...
  • Pollard, Nancy S. (1990-05-01)
    This report presents a system for generating a stable, feasible, and reachable grasp of a polyhedral object. A set of contact points on the object is found that can result in a stable grasp; a feasible grasp is found ...
  • Parker, Lynne E. (1994-02-01)
    This report addresses the problem of achieving cooperation within small- to medium- sized teams of heterogeneous mobile robots. I describe a software architecture I have developed, called ALLIANCE, that facilitates ...
  • Pasch, Kenneth Alan (1988-01-01)
    Two methods of obtaining approximate solutions to the classic General Job-shop Scheduling Program are investigated. The first method is iterative. A sampling of the solution space is used to decide which of a collection ...
  • Wallach, Deborah A. (1992-09-01)
    As the number of processors in distributed-memory multiprocessors grows, efficiently supporting a shared-memory programming model becomes difficult. We have designed the Protocol for Hierarchical Directories (PHD) to ...
  • Ettinger, Gil J. (1987-05-01)
    This thesis describes the development of a model-based vision system that exploits hierarchies of both object structure and object scale. The focus of the research is to use these hierarchies to achieve robust recognition ...
  • Hollerbach, John M. (1975-11-01)
    An approach towards shape description, based on prototype modification and generalized cylinders, has been developed and applied to the object domains pottery and polyhedra: (1) A program describes and identifies pottery ...
  • Rubin, Ann D. (1975-01-01)
    This thesis describes some aspects of a computer system for doing medical diagnosis in the specialized field of kidney disease. Because such a system faces the spectre of combinatorial explosion, this discussion concentrates ...
  • Doyle, Richard James (1988-06-01)
    I describe an approach to forming hypotheses about hidden mechanism configurations within devices given external observations and a vocabulary of primitive mechanisms. An implemented causal modelling system called ...
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