An unstructured finite volume simulator for multiphase flow through fractured-porous media
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Computation for Design and Optimization Program.
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Modeling of multiphase flow in fractured media plays an integral role in management and performance prediction of oil and gas reserves. Geological characterization and nmultiphase flow simulations in fractured media are challenging for several reasons, such as uncertainty in fracture location, complexity in fracture geometry. dynamic nature of fractures etc. There is a need for complex sinmulation models that resolve the flow dynamics along fractures and the interaction with the porous matrix. The unstructured finite volume model provides a tool for the numerical simulation of multiphase flow (inmmiscible and incompressible two-phase flow) in two-dimensional fractured media. We use a finite volume formulation, which is locally imass conservative and it allows the use of fully unstructured grids to represent the coimplex geometry of the fracture networks. Fractures are represented as objects of lower diniensionality than that of the domain (in this case, ID objects in a 2D domain). The model permits fine-scale simulation of multiphase transport through fractured media. The non-Fickian transport resulting due to the presence of heterogeneity (as fractures or inhomogeneous permeability distribution) is captured by the traditional advection-diffusion equation using a highly discretized system. Today. many macroscopic flow models are being developed which account for the non-Fickian. non-local flow more accurately and efficiently with less computation. The finite volume simulator niodel described in this thesis will be instrumental as a tool to train and validate the macroscopic flow models which account for anomialous transport behavior.(cont.) We illustrate the performance of this simulator on several synthetic cases with different fracture geometries and conclude the model effectively captures the miiultiphase fluid flow pattern in fractured media.
Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Computation for Design and Optimization Program, 2009.This electronic version was submitted by the student author. The certified thesis is available in the Institute Archives and Special Collections.Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (p. 77-78).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Computation for Design and Optimization Program.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Computation for Design and Optimization Program.