Equalized on-chip interconnect : modeling, analysis, and design
Author(s)Kim, Byungsub, 1978-
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
Vladimir M. Stojanović.
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This thesis work explores the use of equalization techniques to improve throughput and reduce power consumption of on-chip interconnect. A theoretical model for an equalized on-chip interconnect is first suggested to provide mathematical formulation for the link behavior. Based on the model, a fast-design space exploration methodology is demonstrated to search for the optimal link design parameters (wire and circuit) and to generate the optimal performance-power trade-off curve for the equalized interconnects. This thesis also proposes new circuit techniques, which improve the revealed demerits of the conventional circuit topologies. The proposed charge-injection transmitter directly conducts pre-emphasis current from the supply into the channel, eliminating the power overhead of analog current subtraction in the conventional transmit pre-emphasis, while significantly relaxing the driver coefficient accuracy requirements. The transmitter utilizes a power efficient nonlinear driver by compensating non-linearity with pre-distorted equalization coefficients. A trans-impedance amplifier at the receiver achieves low static power consumption, large signal amplitude, and high bandwidth by mitigating limitations of purely-resistive termination. A test chip is fabricated in 90-nm bulk CMOS technology and tested over a 10 mm, 2[micro]m pitched on-chip differential wire. The transceiver consumes 0.37-0.63 pJ/b with 2-6 Gb/s/ch.
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2010.Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (p. 115-118).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.