Femtosecond Transient Imaging
Author(s)Kirmani, Ahmed (Ghulam Ahmed)
Femtosecond time resolved computational imaging
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Architecture. Program in Media Arts and Sciences.
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This thesis proposes a novel framework called transient imaging for image formation and scene understanding through impulse illumination and time images. Using time-of-flight cameras and multi-path analysis of global light transport, we pioneer new algorithms and systems for scene understanding through time images. We demonstrate that our proposed transient imaging framework provides opportunities to accomplish tasks that are well beyond the reach of existing imaging technology. For example, one can infer the geometry of not only the visible but also the hidden parts of a scene, enabling us to look around corners. Traditional cameras estimate intensity per pixel I(x, y). Our transient imaging camera prototype captures a 3D time-image I(x, y, t) for each pixel and uses an ultra-short pulse laser for flash illumination. Emerging technologies are supporting cameras with a temporal-profile per pixel at picosecond resolution, allowing us to capture an ultra-high speed time-image. This time-image contains the time profile of irradiance at a sensor pixel. The speed of light is relevant at these imaging time scales, and the transient properties of light transport come into play. In particular we furnish a novel framework for reconstructing scene geometry of hidden planar scenes. We experimentally corroborated our theory with free space hardware experiments using a femtosecond laser and a picosecond accurate sensing device. The ability to infer the structure of hidden scene elements, unobservable by both the camera and illumination source, will create a range of new computer vision opportunities.
Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, School of Architecture and Planning, Program in Media Arts and Sciences, 2010.Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (p. 59-64).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Architecture. Program in Media Arts and Sciences.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Architecture. Program in Media Arts and Sciences.