Electrical excitation of colloidally synthesized quantum dots in metal oxide structures
Author(s)Wood, Vanessa Claire
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
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This thesis develops methods for integrating colloidally synthesized quantum dots (QDs) and metal oxides in optoelectronic devices, presents three distinct light emitting devices (LEDs) with metal oxides surrounding a QD active layer, and uses these novel metal oxide based QD-LEDs to study mechanisms for electrical excitation of QDs. QD-LEDs have generated considerable interest for applications such as thin film displays with improved color saturation and white lighting with high color rendering index. This work demonstrates that air-stable metal oxides can be used to achieve QD-LEDs that have long shelf lives and operate at constant luminance in ambient conditions, unpackaged. Because metal oxides range from conductors to dielectrics, they can be used to develop a variety of different device architectures to explore mechanisms for electrical excitation of QDs. We report the first all-inorganic QD-LEDs with n- and p-type metal oxide charge transport layers and present design rules to enable systematic improvement of device efficiency. To shift away from direct charge injection as a means for electroluminescence (EL) in inorganic-based QD-LED structures, we develop a unipolar device architecture that presents the first evidence of field driven EL in QDs. To further explore this field driven excitation mechanism, we develop a structure that situates QDs between two insulating metal oxide layers. By eliminating the need for energy band alignment, these devices enable EL from QDs with emission peaks from 450 nm-1500 nm as well as from novel nanoparticles, such as phosphor doped-core/shell nanocrystals.
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2010.Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (p. 163-172).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.