Lotteries in Student Assignment: An Equivalence Result
Author(s)Pathak, Parag; Sethuraman, Jay
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This paper formally examines two competing methods of conducting a lottery in assigning students to schools, motivated by the design of the centralized high school student assignment system in New York City. The main result of the paper is that a single and multiple lottery mechanism are equivalent for the problem of allocating students to schools in which students have strict preferences and the schools are indi fferent. In proving this result, a new approach is introduced, that simplifi es and uni es all the known equivalence results in the house allocation literature. Along the way, two new mechanisms|Partitioned Random Priority and Partitioned Random Endowment|are introduced for the house allocation problem. These mechanisms generalize widely studied mechanisms for the house allocation problem and may be appropriate for the many-to-one setting such as the school choice problem.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Economics
Society for Economic Theory
Pathak, Parag and Jay Sethuraman. "Lotteries in Student Assignment: An Equivalence Result" Theoretical Economics, 6.1 (January 2011), 1–17.
Author's final manuscript