Vertical axis wind turbine with continuous blade angle adjustment
Author(s)Weiss, Samuel Bruce
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering.
Sanjay E. Sarma.
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The author presents a concept for a vertical axis wind turbine that utilizes each blade's entire rotational cycle for power generation. Each blade has its own vertical axis of rotation and is constrained to rotate at the rate of one half of a revolution per full revolution of the rotor. For a rotor of radius r and blades of width b, a technical analysis predicts a theoretical maximum power coefficient of CP = b 2r+b, neglecting wind flow interference by upwind blades. This theoretical power coefficient is generally greater than the efficiency of a typical Savonius wind turbine (CP ~~ 0.15), and it reaches CP = 0.5 at the limiting blade width, b = 2r. The analysis also predicts a static torque and optimal tip-speed ratio that are both greater than those of a Savonius wind turbine with similar blade dimensions. Design considerations for implementing the kinematic constraint and for blade adjustment to account for changes in wind direction are discussed, and the author's prototype is presented. Testing of the prototype demonstrated that implementation of the kinematic constraint is feasible, and that efficiencies greater than those achievable by a Savonius turbine are plausible. In 4 m s wind conditions, the prototype yielded an estimated CP of 0.15, with much room for improvement through design changes and blade optimization in future iterations of this style of turbine.
Thesis (S.B.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, 2010.This electronic version was submitted by the student author. The certified thesis is available in the Institute Archives and Special Collections.Cataloged from student submitted PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (p. 26).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology