Nonsmooth dynamic optimization of systems with varying structure
Author(s)Yunt, Mehmet, 1975-
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering.
Paul I. Barton.
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In this thesis, an open-loop numerical dynamic optimization method for a class of dynamic systems is developed. The structure of the governing equations of the systems under consideration change depending on the values of the states, parameters and the controls. Therefore, these systems are called systems with varying structure. Such systems occur frequently in the models of electric and hydraulic circuits, chemical processes, biological networks and machinery. As a result, the determination of parameters and controls resulting in the optimal performance of these systems has been an important research topic. Unlike dynamic optimization problems where the structure of the underlying system is constant, the dynamic optimization of systems with varying structure requires the determination of the optimal evolution of the system structure in time in addition to optimal parameters and controls. The underlying varying structure results in nonsmooth and discontinuous optimization problems. The nonsmooth single shooting method introduced in this thesis uses concepts from nonsmooth analysis and nonsmooth optimization to solve dynamic optimization problems involving systems with varying structure whose dynamics can be described by locally Lipschitz continuous ordinary or differential-algebraic equations. The method converts the infinitedimensional dynamic optimization problem into an nonlinear program by parameterizing the controls. Unlike the state of the art, the method does not enumerate possible structures explicitly in the optimization and it does not depend on the discretization of the dynamics. Instead, it uses a special integration algorithm to compute state trajectories and derivative information. As a result, the method produces more accurate solutions to problems where the underlying dynamics is highly nonlinear and/or stiff for less effort than the state of the art. The thesis develops substitutes for the gradient and the Jacobian of a function in case these quantities do not exist. These substitutes are set-valued maps and an elements of these maps need to be computed for optimization purposes. Differential equations are derived whose solutions furnish the necessary elements. These differential equations have discontinuities in time. A numerical method for their solution is proposed based on state event location algorithms that detects these discontinuities. Necessary conditions of optimality for nonlinear programs are derived using these substitutes and it is shown that nonsmooth optimization methods called bundle methods can be used to obtain solutions satisfying these necessary conditions. Case studies compare the method to the state of the art and investigate its complexity empirically.
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, 2011.Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (p. 357-365).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology