Scratching as a fracture process: from butter to steel
Author(s)Akono, Ange-Therese; Reis, Pedro Miguel; Ulm, Franz-Josef
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We present results of a hybrid experimental and theoretical investigation of the fracture scaling in scratch tests and show that scratching is a fracture dominated process. Validated for paraffin wax, cement paste, Jurassic limestone and steel, we derive a model that provides a quantitative means to relate quantities measured in scratch tests to fracture properties of materials at multiple scales. The scalability of scratching for different probes and depths opens new venues towards miniaturization of our technique, to extract fracture properties of materials at even smaller length scales.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mechanical Engineering
Physical Review Letters
American Physical Society
Akono, A-T., P. Reis, and F-J. Ulm. “Scratching as a Fracture Process: From Butter to Steel.” Physical Review Letters 106.20 (2011): 204302.© 2011 American Physical Society.
Final published version