Environment-Assisted Precision Measurement
Author(s)Goldstein, Garry; Cappellaro, Paola; Maze, Jeronimo R.; Hodges, Jonathan S.; Jiang, L.; Sorensen, A. S.; Lukin, M. D.; ... Show more Show less
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We describe a method to enhance the sensitivity of precision measurements that takes advantage of the environment of a quantum sensor to amplify the response of the sensor to weak external perturbations. An individual qubit is used to sense the dynamics of surrounding ancillary qubits, which are in turn affected by the external field to be measured. The resulting sensitivity enhancement is determined by the number of ancillas that are coupled strongly to the sensor qubit; it does not depend on the exact values of the coupling strengths and is resilient to many forms of decoherence. The method achieves nearly Heisenberg-limited precision measurement, using a novel class of entangled states. We discuss specific applications to improve clock sensitivity using trapped ions and magnetic sensing based on electronic spins in diamond.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Nuclear Science and Engineering
Physical Review Letters
American Physical Society
Goldstein, G. et al. “Environment-Assisted Precision Measurement.” Physical Review Letters 106 (2011). © 2011 American Physical Society.
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