A compressive sensing algorithm for attitude determination
Author(s)Gupta, Rishi Vijay
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
Piotr Indyk and Yaron Rachlin.
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We propose a framework for compressive sensing of images with local distinguishable objects, such as stars, and apply it to solve a problem in celestial navigation. Specifically, let x [epsilon] RN be an N-pixel image, consisting of a small number of local distinguishable objects plus noise. Our goal is to design an m x N measurement matrix A with m << N, such that we can recover an approximation to x from the measurements Ax. We construct a matrix A and recovery algorithm with the following properties: (i) if there are k objects, the number of measurements m is O((klog N)/(log k)), undercutting the best known bound of O(klog(N/k)) (ii) the matrix A is ultra-sparse, which is important when the signal is weak relative to the noise, and (iii) the recovery algorithm is empirically fast and runs in time sub-linear in N. We also present a comprehensive study of the application of our algorithm to attitude determination, or finding one's orientation in space. Spacecraft typically use cameras to acquire an image of the sky, and then identify stars in the image to compute their orientation. Taking pictures is very expensive for small spacecraft, since camera sensors use a lot of power. Our algorithm optically compresses the image before it reaches the camera's array of pixels, reducing the number of sensors that are required.
Thesis (M. Eng.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2011.Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (p. 29-30).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.