Now showing items 4-23 of 34

    • Conceptual Design of a Large, Passive Pressure-Tube Light Water Reactor 

      Hejzlar, P.; Todreas, N. E.; Driscoll, M. J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 1994-06-01)
      A design for a large, passive, light water reactor has been developed. The proposed concept is a pressure tube reactor of similar design to CANDU reactors, but differing in three key aspects. First, a solid Sic-coated ...
    • Conceptual Design of a Lead-Bismuth Cooled Fast Reactor with In-Vessel Direct-Contact Steam Generation 

      Buongiorno, J.; Todreas, N. E; Kazimi, Mujid S.; Czerwinski, K. R. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2001-03)
      The feasibility of a lead-bismuth (Pb-Bi) cooled fast reactor that eliminates the need for steam generators and coolant pumps was explored. The working steam is generated by direct contact vaporization of water and liquid ...
    • Conceptual Design of an Annular-Fueled Superheat Boiling Water Reactor 

      Ko, Yu-Chih; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2010-10)
      The conceptual design of an annular-fueled superheat boiling water reactor (ASBWR) is outlined. The proposed design, ASBWR, combines the boiler and superheater regions into one fuel assembly. This ensures good neutron ...
    • Conceptual Reactor Physics Design of a Lead-Bismuth-Cooled Critical Actinide Burner 

      Hejzlar, Pavel; Driscoll, Michael J.; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2000-02)
      Destruction of actinides in accelerator-driven subcriticals and in stand-alone critical reactors is of contemporary interest as a means to reduce long-term high-level waste radiotoxicity. This topical report is focused ...
    • Critical Heat Flux Enhancement via Surface Modification Using Colloidal Dispersions of Nanoparticles (Nanofluids) 

      Truong, Bao H.; Hu, Lin-Wen; Buongiorno, Jacopo (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2008-06)
      Nanofluids are engineered colloidal dispersions of nanoparticles (1-100nm) in common fluids (water, refrigerants, or ethanol…). Materials used for nanoparticles include chemically stable metals (e.g., gold, silver, ...
    • Design of a Functionally Graded Composite for Service in High Temperature Lead and Lead-Bismuth Cooled Nuclear Reactors 

      Short, Michael P.; Ballinger, Ronald G. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2010-10)
      A material that resists lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) attack and retains its strength at 700°C would be an enabling technology for LBE-cooled reactors. No single alloy currently exists that can economically meet the required ...
    • Design of Compact Intermediate Heat Exchangers for Gas Cooled Fast Reactors 

      Gezelius, K.; Driscoll, Michael J. ;; Hejzlar, Pavel (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2004-05)
      Two aspects of an intermediate heat exchanger (IHX) for GFR service have been investigated: (1) the intrinsic characteristics of the proposed compact printed circuit heat exchanger (PCHE); and (2) a specific design ...
    • Effective Thermal Conductivity of Prismatic MHTGR Fuel 

      Han, J. C.; Driscoll, M. J.; Todreas, N. E. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 1989-09-30)
      The Reactor Cavity Cooling System (RCCS) is an essential passive safety feature of the Modular High Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor (MHTGR). Its function is to assure the protection of both public safety and owner investment. ...
    • Effects of Surface Parameters on Boiling Heat Transfer Phenomena 

      Truong, Bao Hoai; Hu, Lin-wen; Buongiorno, Jacopo; McKrell, Thomas J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2011-06)
      Nanofluids, engineered colloidal dispersions of nanoparticles in fluid, have been shown to enhance pool and flow boiling CHF. The CHF enhancement was due to nanoparticle deposited on the heater surface, which was verified ...
    • Gas Heat Transfer in a Heated Vertical Channel under Deteriorated Turbulent Heat Transfer Regime 

      Lee, Jeongik (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2007-04)
      Passive cooling via natural circulation of gas after a loss of coolant (LOCA) accident is one of the major goals of the Gas-cooled Fast Reactor (GFR). Due to its high surface heat flux and low coolant velocities under ...
    • General Analysis of Breed-and-Burn Reactors and Limited-Separations Fuel Cycles 

      Petroski, Robert C.; Forget, Benoit (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2011-02)
      A new theoretical framework is introduced, the “neutron excess” concept, which is useful for analyzing breed-and-burn (B&B) reactors and their fuel cycles. Based on this concept, a set of methods has been developed which ...
    • An Integrated Formal Approach for Developing High Quality Software for Safety-Critical Systems 

      Ouyang, Meng; Golay, Michael W. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 1995-09)
      This report presents the results of a study which devises an Integrated Formal Approach (IFA) for improving specifications of the designs of computer programs used in safety-critical systems. In this IFA, the formal ...
    • Investigation of Pressure-Tube and Calandria-Tube Deformation Following a Single Channel Blockage Event in ACR-700 

      Gerardi, Craig Douglas; Buongiorno, Jacopo (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2005-11)
      The ACR-700 is an advanced pressure-tube (PT) reactor being developed by Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL). As in conventional CANDU reactors, the PTs are horizontal. Each PT is surrounded by a calandria tube (CT), ...
    • Investigation of Pressure-Tube and Calandria-Tube Deformation Following a Single Channel Blockage Event in ACR-700 

      Gerardi, C.; Buongiorno, J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2005-11)
      The ACR-700 is an advanced pressure-tube (PT) reactor being developed by Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL). As in conventional CANDU reactors, the PTs are horizontal. Each PT is surrounded by a calandria tube (CT), ...
    • MCNP4B Modeling of Pebble-Bed Reactors 

      Lebenhaft, Julian Robert (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2001-10-15)
      The applicability of the Monte Carlo code MCNP4B to the neutronic modeling of pebble-bed reactors was investigated. A modeling methodology was developed based on an analysis of critical experiments carried out at the ...
    • Methods for Comparative Assessment of Active and Passive Safety Systems 

      Oh, Jiyong; Golay, Michael W. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2008-02)
      Passive cooling systems sometimes use natural circulation, and they are not dependent on offsite or emergency AC power, which can simplify designs through the reduction of emergency power supplying infrastructure. The ...
    • Modular Pebble Bed Reactor 

      Kadak, Andrew C.; Ballinger, Ronald G.; Driscoll, Michael J.; Yip, Sidney; Wilson, David Gordon; e.a. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2000-07)
      This project is developing a fundamental conceptual design for a gas-cooled, modular, pebble bed reactor. Key technology areas associated with this design are being investigated which intend to address issues concerning ...
    • Plant Design and Cost Assessment of Forced Circulation Lead-Bismuth Cooled Reactor with Conventional Power Conversion Cycles 

      Dostal, Vaclav; Hejzlar, Pavel; Todreas, Neil E.; Kazimi, Mujid S. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2001-09)
      Cost of electricity is the key factor that determines competitiveness of a power plant. Thus the proper selection, design and optimization of the electric power generating cycle is of main importance. This report makes an ...
    • Plant Design and Cost Estimation of a Natural Circulation Lead-Bismuth Reactor with Helium Power Conversion Cycle 

      Kim, D.; Todreas, N. E.; Kazimi, Mujid S.; Driscoll, M. J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2000-11)
      The analysis of an indirect helium power conversion system with lead-bismuth natural circulation primary system has been performed. The work of this report is focused on 1) identifying the allowable design region for the ...
    • Plant Design and Cost Estimation of a Natural Circulation Lead-Bismuth Reactor with Steam Power Conversion Cycle 

      Kim, D.; Todreas, N. E.; Kazimi, Mujid S.; Driscoll, M. J. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Center for Advanced Nuclear Energy Systems. Advanced Nuclear Power Program, 2000-08)
      The analysis of an indirect steam power conversion system with lead-bismuth natural circulation primary system has been performed. The work of this report is focused on 1) identifying the allowable design region for the ...