Complex System Classification
Author(s)Magee, Christopher; de Weck, Olivier
The use of terms such as “Engineering Systems”, “System of systems” and others have been coming into greater use over the past decade to denote systems of importance but with implied higher complexity than for the term systems alone. This paper searches for a useful taxonomy or classification scheme for complex Systems. There are two aspects to this problem: 1) distinguishing between Engineering Systems (the term we use) and other Systems, and 2) differentiating among Engineering Systems. Engineering Systems are found to be differentiated from other complex systems by being human-designed and having both significant human complexity as well as significant technical complexity. As far as differentiating among various engineering systems, it is suggested that functional type is the most useful attribute for classification differentiation. Information, energy, value and mass acted upon by various processes are the foundation concepts underlying the technical types.
International Council On Systems Engineering (INCOSE)
Engineering Systems, System of systems, classification, complex Systems, System
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Revisiting the Question: Are Systems of Systems just (traditional) Systems or are they a new class of Systems? Mekdeci, Brian; Shah, Nirav; Ross, Adam Michael; Rhodes, Donna H.; Hastings, Daniel E. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2014-03)This paper revisits a question asked and debated widely over the past decade: are Systems of Systems (SoS) just traditional systems or are they a new class of systems? Many have argued that SoS are a new class of systems, ...