Applications of robust optimization to queueing and inventory systems
Author(s)Rikun, Alexander Anatolyevich
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Operations Research Center.
Dimitris Bertsimas and David Gamarnik.
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This thesis investigates the application of robust optimization in the performance analysis of queueing and inventory systems. In the first part of the thesis, we propose a new approach for performance analysis of queueing systems based on robust optimization. We first derive explicit upper bounds on performance for tandem single class, multiclass single server, and single class multi-server queueing systems by solving appropriate robust optimization problems. We then show that these bounds derived by solving deterministic optimization problems translate to upper bounds on the expected steady-state performance for a variety of widely used performance measures such as waiting times and queue lengths. Additionally, these explicit bounds agree qualitatively with known results. In the second part of the thesis, we propose methods to compute (s,S) policies in supply chain networks using robust and stochastic optimization and compare their performance. Our algorithms handle general uncertainty sets, arbitrary network topologies, and flexible cost functions including the presence of fixed costs. The algorithms exhibit empirically practical running times. We contrast the performance of robust and stochastic (s,S) policies in a numerical study, and we find that the robust policy is comparable to the average performance of the stochastic policy, but has a considerably lower standard deviation across a variety of networks and realized demand distributions. Additionally, we identify regimes when the robust policy exhibits particular strengths even in average performance and tail behavior as compared with the stochastic policy.
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Sloan School of Management, Operations Research Center, 2011.Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (p. 105-111).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Operations Research Center.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Operations Research Center.