Precision stationkeeping with azimuthing thrusters
Author(s)Doroski, Adam D
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering.
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Precision positioning of an unmanned surface vehicle (USV) in a nautical environment is a difficult task. With a dual azimuthing thruster scheme, the optimization of thruster outputs uses an online method to minimize the amount of error. It simplifies necessary calculations by the assumption that the rotating thrusters are always parallel thus making the system holonomic. The scheme accommodates for limitations in actuator outputs, including rotation limits and time-lagged thrusts and was implemented in a MATLAB simulation that tested its response to step errors and disturbance forces, similar to what it would encounter in actual implementation. It successfully achieved commanded outputs in all three degrees of freedom, typically within 25 seconds. It also rejects constant and sinusoidal disturbance forces. However, specific configurations arise where the USV, at times, is uncontrollable and the system only recovers after being further perturbed into a controllable configuration.
Thesis (S.B.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, 2011.Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology