An improved visualization of diesel particulate filter/
Author(s)Boehm, Kevin (Kevin W.)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering.
Thomas W. Eagar.
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The prevalence of diesel particulate filters (DPF) is increasing as emissions standards worldwide evolve to match current technologies. Since the first application of DPFs in the 1980's, PM trapping effectiveness has increased by orders of magnitude. During the filter's use phase, it is subject to multiple cycles of particulate matter trapping and regeneration. The soot particles are combusted in the high temperatures; however, metal additives referred to as ash, primarily from lubricants, remain behind and restrict exhaust flow. Further ash accumulation causes a pressure drop across the filter and necessitates replacement in order to maintain fuel economy and engine performance. Research into more efficient DPF designs and geometries examines current limitations with the goal of emitting cleaning emissions and extending DPF use. In order to gain a better understanding of PM trapping and regeneration and acquire real-time feedback, an improved visualization method of DPF is required. For that method, powder glass frit was applied between the filter and glass window and heated to form a bond. After the heating process, the bond strength was measured to determine optimal heating cycles and surface conditions for the glass seal. The experimental results were examined to measure the success of the bonding method relative to previous research using alternative methods. The ability to test and observe ash accumulation in different DPF designs will contribute to the understanding of PM trapping.
Thesis (S.B.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, 2011.Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (p. 39).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology