In-situ TEM study of carbon nanomaterials and thermoelectric nanomaterials
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering.
Mildred S. Dresselhaus.
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Graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) are quasi one dimensional structures which have unique transport properties, and have a potential to open a bandgap at small ribbon widths. They have been extensively studied in recent years due to their high potential for future electronic and spintronic device applications. The edge structures - including the edge roughness and chirality - dramatically affect the transport, electronic, and magnetic properties of GNRs, and are of the critical importance. We have developed an efficient way of modifying the edges structures, to produce atomically smooth zigzag and armchair edges by using insitu TEM with a controlled bias. This work provides us with many opportunities for both fundamental studies and for future applications. I also report the use of either furnace heating or Joule heating to pacify the exposed graphene edges by loop formation in the graphitic nanoribbons. The edge energy minimization process involves the formation of loops between adjacent graphene layers. An estimation of the temperature during in-situ Joule heating is also reported based on the melting and evaporation of Pt nanoparticles. In this thesis work, I have also investigated the morphological and electronic properties of GNRs grown by chemical vapor deposition. Our results suggest that the GNRs have a surprisingly high crystallinity and a clean surface. Both folded and open edges are observed in GNRs. Atomic resolution scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) images were obtained on the folded layer and the bottom layer of the GNR, which enables clear identification of the chirality for both layers. We have also studied the electronic properties of the GNRs using low temperature scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STS). Our findings suggest that edges states exist at GNR edges which are dependent on the chiral angles of the GNRs.
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering, 2011.This electronic version was submitted by the student author. The certified thesis is available in the Institute Archives and Special Collections.Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (p. 103-112).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Materials Science and Engineering.