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dc.contributor.advisorCaroline A. Ross.en_US
dc.contributor.authorBi, Lei, Ph.D. Massachusetts Institute of Technologyen_US
dc.contributor.otherMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2012-03-16T16:03:06Z
dc.date.available2012-03-16T16:03:06Z
dc.date.copyright2011en_US
dc.date.issued2011en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/69786
dc.descriptionThesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering, 2011.en_US
dc.descriptionCataloged from PDF version of thesis.en_US
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references.en_US
dc.description.abstractNonreciprocal photonic devices including optical isolators and optical circulators are indispensible components in present day optical communication systems. Although highly desired by the fast development of silicon photonics, monolithically integrating such devices on a semiconductor platform has been challenging for decades both due to material incompatibility and device designs. In this thesis, we focus on developing material and device candidates for monolithically integrated nonreciprocal photonic devices on silicon. Several magneto-optical oxide thin films including epitaxial magnetically doped perovskites and polycrystalline garnets were demonstrated with high figure of merit at communication wavelengths, while epitaxial orthoferrite films were understood to have challenges in achieving either thermodynamically limited cation ordering or kinetically limited single crystal orientations. High figure of merits of 3~4 deg/dB and 20 deg/dB were achieved in epitaxial Sr(Tio.2Gao.Feo.4)0 3 films and in polycrystalline (CeY2)FesO 12 films stabilized by a thin Y3Fe5O12 polycrystalline layer on oxidized silicon respectively. Based on these materials, novel photonic devices including nonreciprocal strip-loaded waveguides and resonators were simulated and experimentally demonstrated. Strong nonreciprocal phase shift (NRPS) has been demonstrated in chalcogenide glass/magnetic oxide and magnetic oxide/silicon strip-loaded waveguides by numerical simulations. A nonreciprocal optical racetrack resonator based on polycrystalline garnet/silicon strip-loaded waveguides was experimentally demonstrated. This monolithically integrated device showed ~10 times footprint reduction compared to conventional nonreciprocal photonic device designs, which may serve as a fundamental structure in a variety of ultra compact photonic devices such as optical isolators, circulators, switches and modulators in the future.en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityby Lei Bi.en_US
dc.format.extent183 p.en_US
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherMassachusetts Institute of Technologyen_US
dc.rightsM.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission.en_US
dc.rights.urihttp://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/7582en_US
dc.subjectMaterials Science and Engineering.en_US
dc.titleMagneto-optical oxide thin films and integrated nonreciprocal photonic devicesen_US
dc.title.alternativeMagneto-optical materials and devices for integrated optical isolator applicationsen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.description.degreePh.D.en_US
dc.contributor.departmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering.en_US
dc.identifier.oclc777362068en_US


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