A hierarchical Markov chain based solver for very-large-scale capacitance extraction
Author(s)Zhao, Yan, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
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This thesis presents two hierarchical algorithms, FastMarkov and FD-MTM, for computing the capacitance of very-large-scale layout with non-uniform media. Fast- Markov is Boundary Element Method based and FD-MTM is Finite Difference based. In our algorithms, the layout is first partitioned into small blocks and the capacitance matrix of each block is solved using standard deterministic methods, BEM for Fast- Markov and FDM for FD-MTM. We connect the blocks by enforcing the boundary condition on the interfaces, forming a Markov Chain containing the capacitive characteristic of the layout. Capacitance of the full layout is then extracted with the random walk method. By employing the "divide and conquer" strategy, our algorithm does not need to assemble or solve a linear system of equations at the level of the full layout and thus eliminates the memory problem. We also propose a modification to the FastMarkov algorithm (FastMarkov with boundary fix) to address the block interface issue when using the finite difference method. We implemented FastMarkov with boundary fix in C++ and parallelized the solver with Message Passing Interface. Compared with standard FD capacitance solver, our solver is able to achieve a speedup almost linear to the number of blocks the layout is partitioned into. On top of it, FastMarkov is easily parallelizable because the computation of the capacitance matrix of one block is independent of other blocks and one path of random walk is independent of other paths. Results and comparisons are presented for parallel plates example and for a large Intel example.
Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2012.Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (p. 79-80).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.