Two-dimensional Photonic Crystals Fabricated by Nanoimprint Lithography
Author(s)Chen, A.; Chua, Soo-Jin; Fonstad, Clifton G. Jr.; Wang, B.; Wilhelmi, O.
We report on the process parameters of nanoimprint lithography (NIL) for the fabrication of two-dimensional (2-D) photonic crystals. The nickel mould with 2-D photonic crystal patterns covering the area up to 20mm² is produced by electron-beam lithography (EBL) and electroplating. Periodic pillars as high as 200nm to 250nm are produced on the mould with the diameters ranging from 180nm to 400nm. The mould is employed for nanoimprinting on the poly-methyl-methacrylate (PMMA) layer spin-coated on the silicon substrate. Periodic air holes are formed in PMMA above its glass-transition temperature and the patterns on the mould are well transferred. This nanometer-size structure provided by NIL is subjective to further pattern transfer.
Advanced Materials for Micro- and Nano-Systems (AMMNS);
2-D photonic crystals, nanoimprinting, Ni mould fabrication, electron-beam lithography, electroplating, nanoimprint lithography