Transport of Sub-micron Aerosols in Bifurcations
Author(s)Leong, Fong Yew; Smith, Kenneth A.; Wang, Chi-Hwa
The convective-diffusive transport of sub-micron aerosols in an oscillatory laminar flow within a 2-D single bifurcation is studied, using order-of-magnitude analysis and numerical simulation using a commercial software (FEMLAB®). Based on the similarity between momentum and mass transfer equations, various transient mass transport regimes are classified and scaled according to Strouhal and beta numbers. Results show that the mass transfer rate is highest at the carinal ridge and there is a phase-shift in diffusive transport time if the beta number is greater than one. It is also shown that diffusive mass transfer becomes independent of the oscillating outer flow if the Strouhal number is greater than one.
Molecular Engineering of Biological and Chemical Systems (MEBCS);
aerosol, convective-diffusive, lung, sub-micron