Now showing items 50-69 of 458

    • Causation and evidence 

      Schumacher, Melissa Renée (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2015)
      This work addresses questions about causation and evidence: How can we learn what causes what? Can we get evidence for objects that don't cause anything? And what is the evidential relationship between events in a causal ...
    • Causation in metaphysics and moral theory 

      McGrath, Sarah, 1972- (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2002)
      Chapter 1: The causal relata. Ordinary talk suggests that entities from different ontological categories can cause and be caused: Kathy's throw, the fact that Kathy threw, and Kathy herself can all cause the window to ...
    • Chains and anaphoric dependence : on reconstruction and its implications 

      Barss, Andrew (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1986)
      This thesis is concerned with developing an account within the Government and Binding (GB) theory of the grammaticality of such structures as (1), and exploring the implications of this account for the theory of empty ...
    • Chance, indeterminacy, and explanation 

      Emery, Nina R. (Nina Rebecca) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2012)
      This thesis is about the philosophical and scientific significance of chance. Specifically, I ask whether there is a single notion of chance that both plays a well-defined scientific role and proves useful for various ...
    • Classical and connectionist models of cognition 

      Lormand, Eric Paul (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1990)
    • Clause chaining, switch reference and coordination 

      Nonato, Rafael (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
      In this thesis I ponder over a constellation of phenomena that revolve around switch reference and coordination, drawing mainly on their instantiation in Kisedje (Je, Brazil). I start by investigating Klsedje's case system. ...
    • Clitics and agreement 

      Roberts, Taylor, 1967- (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2000)
      A phrase structure is developed for Pashto, the most important Indo-Iranian language for which this task remains to be undertaken. New data show that the placement, ordering, and interpretation of second-position clitics ...
    • Communicative efficiency in the lexicon 

      Graff, Peter Nepomuk Herwig Maria (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2012)
      In this dissertation, I argue that a variety of probabilistic patterns in natural language phonology derive from communicative efficiency. I present evidence from phonetically transcribed dictionaries of 60 languages from ...
    • Comparative quantifiers 

      Hackl, Martin, 1968- (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2001)
      The main goal of the thesis is to present a novel analysis of comparative quantifiers such as more than three students. The prevalent view on such expressions advocated in Generalized Quantifier Theory is that they denoted ...
    • Complementation in Chol (Mayan) : a theory of split ergativity : 

      Coon, Jessica (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2010)
      The central claim of this dissertation is that aspect-based split ergativity does not mark a split in how Case is assigned, but rather, a split in sentence structure. Specifically, I argue that the contexts in which we ...
    • Complementation in Moroccan Arabic 

      Wager, Janet Stephanie (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1984)
    • Composing questions 

      Kotek, Hadas (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
      This dissertation motivates a new syntax and semantics for simplex and multiple wh-questions, concentrating on English and German data. The proposed theory combines Cable's (2007; 2010) Q-based syntax for wh-movement and ...
    • Compression effects, perceptual asymmetries, and the grammar of timing 

      Katz, Jonah (Jonah Isaac) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2010)
      This dissertation reports the results of two English experiments on timing and perception. The first experiment demonstrates asymmetries in timing between consonants and vowels, which depend on the manner of the consonant. ...
    • The computation of prosody 

      Idsardi, William James (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1992)
    • Conditions on (dis)harmony 

      Nevins, Andrew (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2005)
      (cont.) Chapter 4 turns to microvariation within the (dis)harmony system of a single language, examining transparency variation in Hungarian front vowels, and distance-based variation in Hungarian neutral vowel sequences, ...
    • Conditions on x-̊movement 

      Li, Yafei (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1990)
    • Consciousness and intentionality 

      John, James R., 1975- (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2004)
      (cont.) having perceptual experiences, subjects can be--and usually are--directly aware of material objects.
    • Consciousness, content, and cognitive architecture 

      Antony, Michael Verne (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1991)
    • Consistency in choice and credence 

      Hedden, Brian (Brian Robert) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2012)
      This thesis concerns epistemic and practical rationality. That is, it is about what to believe and what to do. In Chapter 1, 1 argue that theories of practical rationality should be understood as evaluating decisions as ...
    • Consonant cluster phonotactics : a perceptual approach 

      Côté, Marie-Hélène, 1966- (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2000)
      This dissertation deals with deletion and epenthesis processes conditioned or constrained by the consonantal environment, essentially consonant deletion, vowel epenthesis and vowel deletion. It is argued that the standard ...