Now showing items 107-126 of 457

    • Economic inequalities and choice : a reassessment of Ronald Dworkin's theory of distributive justice 

      Sofaer, Neema, 1972- (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2004)
      This dissertation proposes a new reading and appraisal of an important theory of distributive justice, Ronald Dworkin's "Equality of Resources" (ER). ER is traditional in holding that choices made by rational, ignorant and ...
    • Economy and semantic interpretation : a study of scope and variable binding 

      Fox, Daniel J. (Daniel Judah), 1966- (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1998)
      This thesis argues that principles of economy play an important role in determining the form of linguistic structures at the interface with the semantic component. The argument comes in the form of a variety of proposals ...
    • Edges and linearization 

      Trinh, Tue H. (Tue Huu) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2011)
      This thesis is concerned with how grammar determines the phonological consequence of syntactic dislocation. It centers on a hypothesis regarding the linearization of movement chains - the Edge Condition on Copy Deletion, ...
    • Effects of head-movement on theories of subjacency and proper government 

      Law, Paul S (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1991)
    • Elementos de gramatica del miskito 

      Salamanca, Danilo (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1988)
    • Elements of control 

      Landau, Idan (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1999)
      How many different types of control relations exist? Is the classical distinction between Obligatory Control (OC) and Non-Obligatory Control (NOC) well-founded? What semantic and syntactic properties of infinitives determine ...
    • Elements of number theory 

      Harbour, Daniel, 1975- (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2003)
      The dissertation argues for the necessity of a morphosemantic theory of number, that is, a theory of number serviceable both to semantics and morphology. The basis for this position, and the empirical core of the dissertation, ...
    • Embedded interrogatives and predicates that embed them 

      Lahiri, Utpal (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1991)
    • Embedded jussives as instances of control : the case of Mongolian and Korean 

      Sisovics, Milena (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2018)
      This dissertation is an investigation into the semantics of imperatives and imperative-like forms (collectively referred to as jussives) in embedded contexts. The long-held view that imperatives are confined to root (matrix) ...
    • Emergent problems and optimal solutions : a critique of Robert Nozick's Anarchy, State and Utopia. 

      Rabinowitz, Joshua Theodore (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1978)
    • Emotions and Hume's moral theory 

      Lind, Marcia Susan (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1988)
    • The English noun phrase in its sentential aspect 

      Abney, Steven P (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1987)
    • Enzo and Me : essay concerning the mental lives of humans and other animals 

      Roskies, Adina L., 1966- (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2004)
      (cont.) Dennett's and Fodor's positions on propositional attitudes, and offer alternative criteria to theirs for what features a system must have to have propositional attitudes.
    • Epistemic levels 

      Greco, Daniel (Daniel Louis) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2012)
      In this dissertation I defend some controversial "level-bridging" principles in epistemology. In the first chapter, I defend the KK principle-the principle that if one knows that P, then one knows that one knows that P. I ...
    • Epistemic stability 

      Das, Nilanjan, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2016)
      I argue that knowledge and rational belief are subject to stability conditions. A belief that amounts to knowledge couldn't easily have been lost due to the impact of misleading evidence. A belief that is rational couldn't ...
    • Essays in the philosophy of psychiatry 

      Sin, Jessica M., 1975- (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2007)
      This dissertation consists of three chapters in which I address metaphysical and epistemological issues that arise in psychiatry, with particular attention paid to anti-psychiatric concerns. In Chapter 1, I consider three ...
    • Essays on obligation 

      Finegan, Johanna Goth (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2007)
      In the first chapter, "Supererogation and Defenses of Modest Moral Demands," I argue that a range of recent approaches to defending the "ordinary morality" view that the demands of morality are fairly modest make it hard ...
    • Ethics for artificial agents 

      Gray, David Michael, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2018)
      Machine ethics is a nascent subfield of computer ethics that focuses on the ethical issues involved in the design of autonomous software agents ("artificial agents"). Chapter 1 of this thesis considers how best to understand ...
    • Event logic and the interpretation of plurals 

      Schein, Barry (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1986)
    • Event quantification and plurality 

      Ferreira, Marcelo (Marcelo Barra) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2005)
      This dissertation presents three studies based on the hypothesis that the domain of entities on which natural language interpretation relies includes a partially ordered sub-domain of events. In this sub-domain, we can ...