Now showing items 104-123 of 280

    • Generating and interpreting referring expressions in context 

      Smith, Dustin Arthur (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2013)
      Referring expressions with vague and ambiguous modifiers, such as "a quick visit" and "the big meeting," are difficult for computers to interpret because their meanings are defined in part by context. For the hearer to ...
    • Giving the head a hand : constructing a microworld to build relationships with ideas in balance control 

      Sipitakiat, Arnan, 1974- (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2007)
      The major promise of computational technology for learning is in making discovery and acquisition of knowledge accessible to a wider range of people. The protean expressive and constructive nature of computational technology ...
    • Governing human and machine behavior in an experimenting society 

      Matias, J. Nathan (Jorge Nathan) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2017)
      We live in a culture that depends on technologies to record our behavior and coordinate our actions with billions of other connected people. In this computational culture, humans and machines continue to perpetuate deep-seated ...
    • Grasping information and collaborating through shape displays 

      Leithinger, Daniel (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2015)
      The vision to interact with computers through our whole body - to not only visually perceive information, but to engage with it through multiple senses has inspired human computer interaction (HCI) research for decades. ...
    • Ground truth in ultra-dense neural recording 

      Allen, Brian D. (Brian Douglas) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2017)
      While biologists routinely record neural activity with multi-electrodes, spike sorting-- the process of attributing spikes to particular neurons-- remains a challenge that typically requires human curation. Due to technical ...
    • Grounded Situation Models for Situated Conversational Assistants 

      Mavridis, Nikolaos (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2007)
      A Situated Conversational Assistant (SCA) is a system with sensing, acting and speech synthesis/recognition abilities, which engages in physically situated natural language conversation with human partners and assists them ...
    • Growing machines 

      Griffith, Saul Thomas, 1974- (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2004)
      construction is developed in three dimensions. It is similarly shown that right-angled tetrahedrons, when folded from an edge-connected string, can generate any three dimensional structure where the primitive pixel (or ...
    • Haptic holography : an early computational plastic 

      Plesniak, Wendy J. (Wendy Jean) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2001)
      This dissertation introduces haptic holography, a combination of computational modeling and multimodal spatial display, as an early computationalplastic In this work, we combine various holographic displays with a force ...
    • Holographic television : measuring visual performance with holographic and other 3D television technologies 

      Barabas, James (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2014)
      We are surrounded by visual reproductions: computer screens, photographs, televisions, and countless other technologies allow us to perceive objects and scenes that are not physically in-front of us. All existing technologies ...
    • Holovideo on a stick : integrated optics for holographic video displays 

      Smalley, Daniel E (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2013)
      In this dissertation I describe the development of a new integrated-optics platform for holographic video consisting of arrays guided-wave acousto-optic devices. This platform serves as the foundation for a new family of ...
    • How predictable : modeling rates of change in individuals and populations 

      Krumme, Katherine (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2013)
      This thesis develops methodologies to measure rates of change in individual human behavior, and to capture statistical regularities in change at the population level, in three pieces: i) a model of individual rate of change ...
    • Hybrid body craft 

      Kao, Hsin-Liu (Hsin-Liu Cindy) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2018)
      Sensor device miniaturization and breakthroughs in novel materials are allowing for the placement of technology increasingly close to our physical bodies. However, unlike all other media, the human body is not simply another ...
    • Hybrid percussion : extending physical instruments using sampled acoustics 

      Aimi, Roberto Mario, 1973- (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2007)
      This thesis presents a system architecture for creating hybrid digital-acoustic percussion instruments by combining extensions of existing signal processing techniques with specially-designed semi-acoustic physical ...
    • Hybrid re Assembage : bridging traditional craft and digital design 

      Zoran, Amit (Amit Shlomo) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2013)
      Hybrid reAssemblage is a design gestalt that lies at the cross-section of digital design practice and the tactile qualities of traditional craft. It spans a territory in which the value of artifacts is produced through ...
    • The I/O bulb and the luminous room 

      Underkoffler, John Stephen (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1999)
      We introduce a new device called the I/O Bulb, an evolution of the common lightbulb capable of emitting structured light and performing simultaneous optical capture. This basic notion is extended to suggest an architecture ...
    • Identity construction environments : the design of computational tools for exploring a sense of self and moral values 

      Umaschi Bers, Marina (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2001)
      We live in a society where concepts of self, community and what is right and wrong are constantly changing. This makes it particularly challenging for young people to construct a sense of self and to identify and develop ...
    • Impression formation in the information age : a study and design for online dating 

      Frost, Jeana (Jeana H.), 1973- (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2005)
      43% of American adults are single and many are looking for new social and romantic connections. At the same time, the Internet offers services to both research and contact other individuals. As a result, proactive computer ...
    • Improvisational interaction : a framework for structural exploration of media 

      Nemirovsky, Paul, 1975- (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2006)
      Whenever we use computers to interact with media, our experience is that of direct control, and the goal of our interactions is either artifact-production (the editor paradigm) or passive exploration (the browser paradigm). ...
    • Inertial measurement via dynamics of trapped particles 

      Post, E. Rehmi, 1966- (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2003)
      We describe theoretical and practical aspects of the particle trap as an inertial sensor. The insight motivating this approach is that a trapped particle acts like a mass on a spring, but the restoring forces are provided ...
    • The influences of the just-in-time social cloud on real world decisions 

      Lee, Kwan Hong, 1977- (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2012)
      People have intertemporal biases towards choices that result in immediate gratification versus delayed rewards. The social context can accentuate or downplay preferences towards virtues or vices when making choices in the ...