Now showing items 137-156 of 237

    • Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion Plants: Experimental and Analytical Study of Mixing and Recirculation 

      Jirka, Gerhard H.; Johnson, R. Peter; Fry, David J.; Harleman, Donald R. F. (Cambridge : Ralph M. Parsons Laboratory for Water Resources and Hydrodynamics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Civil Engineering, 1977-09)
      Ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) is a method of generating power using the vertical temperature gradient of the tropical ocean as an energy source. Experimental and analytical studies have been carried out to determine ...
    • Optimal Irrigation Control Using Stochastic Cluster Point Processes for Rainfall Modelling and Forecasting 

      Rodriguez, Jorge Alberto Ramirez; Bras, Rafael L. (Cambridge, Mass. : Ralph M. Parsons Laboratory, Hydrology and Water Resource Systems, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Civil Engineering, 1982-05)
      Optimal irrigation control is performed. The control accounts for the intraseasonal variation of the crop water requirements and for tie dynamics of soil moisture depletion process. The clustering dependence structure of ...
    • P3 - Porous Pareto Partition 

      Datta, Shoumen (2020-02-29)
      Unsustainable and Misaligned Economics of Technology triggers a Porous Pareto Partition Between the Haves and the Have Nots: Can Democratization of Distributed Data act as a Catalyst for the Dissemination of Digital Dividends?
    • Parameterization of Moisture and Heat Fluxes Across the Land Surface for Use in Atmospheric General Circulation Models 

      Milly, P. Christopher D.; Eagleson, Peter S. (Cambridge, Mass. : Ralph M. Parsons Laboratory, Hydrology and Water Resources Systems , Dept. of Civil Engineering, School of Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1982-06)
      The response of a bare soil surface to atmospheric forcing -- rain, wind, sunshine, etc. -- may be expressed in terms of the resultant evaporation rate and sensible and radiant heat losses. Examining the earth-atmosphere ...
    • PEAS - Making Meaningful Sense of Sensor Data and Information 

      Datta, Shoumen; McLamore, Eric (2020-02-29)
      Exploring convergence of ideas to transform data into meaningful information.
    • A Physically Based Channel Network and Catchment Evolution Model 

      Willgoose, Garry; Bras, Rafael L.; Rodriguez-Iturbe, Ignacio (Cambridge, Mass. : Ralph M. Parsons Laboratory Hydrology and Water Resource Systems, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1989-06)
      A catchment evolution and channel network growth model is presented. Elevations within the catchment are simulated by a sediment transport continuity equation applied over geologic time. Sediment transport may by modelled ...
    • Physically-based Parameterization of Spatially Variable Soil and Vegetation Using Satellite Multispectral Data 

      Jasinski, Michael F.; Eagleson, Peter S. (Cambridge, Mass. : Ralph M. Parsons Laboratory, Hydrology and Water Resource Systems, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Civil Engineering, 1989-09)
      A stochastic-geometric landsurface reflectance model is formulated and tested for the parameterization of spatially variable vegetation and soil at subpixel scales using satellite multispectral images without ground truth. ...
    • A Physiological Explanation for Vegetation Ecotones in Eastern North America 

      Arris, L. L.; Eagleson, P. S. (Cambridge, Mass. : Ralph M. Parsons Laboratory, Hydrology and Water Resource Systems, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Civil Engineering, 1989-06)
      Prediction of the vegetative cover of land surfaces as climatic conditions change is an important aspect of general circulation models that has not been adequately explored. In this study, a model is developed for the ...
    • Planning and Design of Agricultural Drainage under Uncertainty: A Dynamic Multi-level Approach 

      Strzepek, Kenneth M.; Wilson, John L.; Marks, David H. (Cambridge, Mass. : Ralph M. Parsons Laboratory, Hydrology and Water Resource Systems, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Civil Engineering, 1982-07)
      Drainage systems are major capital investments for irrigated agriculture. Therefore,the-goal is to install drainage systems that will be most beneficial to the agricultural economy as a whole. Planning for agricultural ...
    • Porous Boundary Effects in Turbulent Shear Flow 

      Ruff, J. F.; Gelhar, L. W. (Cambridge, Mass. : Water Resources and Laboratory, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1970-07)
      A technique of measuring seepage velocities is developed in order to investigate the velocity distribution in a porous boundary exposed to a turbulent shear flow. Measurements are performed in a 1.2 in. thick polyurethane ...
    • A Portfolio Approach for Purchasing Systems: Impact of Switching Point 

      Hilmola, Olli-Pekka; Ma, Hongze; Datta, Shoumen (2008-08-01)
      In operations management different ordering policies, such as, economic order quantity, lot for lot and periodic ordering, are used in various combinations without deeper considerations for the likely consequences on cash ...
    • Potential for Improving Decision Support Catalysed by Semantic Interoperability Between Systems 

      Datta, Shoumen (2008-07-31)
      Convergence of systems and intelligent automation may augment the ability of supply chain operations or healthcare networks to rapidly adapt to changes or respond, with minimal human intervention, under ideal conditions. ...
    • Potential to Improve Forecasting Accuracy: Advances in Supply Chain Management 

      Datta, Shoumen; Granger, Clive (2008-07-31)
      Forecasting is a necessity almost in any operation. However, the tools of forecasting are still primitive in view of the great strides made by research and the increasing abundance of data made possible by automatic ...
    • The Practice of Kriging 

      Kafritsas, John; Bras, Rafael L. (Cambridge, Mass. : Ralph M. Parsons Laboratory, Dept. of Civil Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1981-01)
      The theory of intrinsic random functions of order k (IRF-K) and its use in optimal linear interpolation is presented using a simple deterministic formulation. Also outlined are the procedures for identification of generalized ...
    • A Precipitation Model and Its Use in Real-time River Flow Forecasting 

      Georgakakos, Konstantine P.; Bras, Rafael L. (Cambridge, Mass. : Ralph M. Parsons Laboratory , Hydrology and Water Resources Systems, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Civil Engineering, 1982-07)
      A one-dimensional, physically based, station precipitation model is proposed and tested. The model state variable is the liquid water equivalent mass in a unit area cloud column. Model inputs are the air temperature, ...
    • Prediction of Unsteady Salinity Intrusion in Estuaries: Mathematical Model and User's Manual 

      Thatcher, M. Llewellyn; Harleman, Donald R. F. (Cambridge, Massachusetts : Ralph M. Parsons Laboratory for Water Resources and Hydrodynamics, Dept. of Civil Engineering, School of Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1972-11)
      Foreword: This report is intended as a documentation of the computer program and as a user's manual for the implementation of the mathematical model for the prediction of unsteady salinity intrusion in estuaries. The details ...
    • A Purified Adenovirus 289-Amino-Acid ElA Protein Activates RNA Polymerase III Transcription In Vitro and Alters Transcription Factor TFIIIC 

      HARTER, MARIAN L.; WANG, DUEN-MEI; SOONG, CHU-JING; DATTA, SHOUMEN (American Society for Microbiology, 1991-10)
      We have previously demonstrated that a purified bacterially synthesized ElA 289-amino-acid protein is capable of stimulating transcription from the promoters of genes transcribed by RNA polymerase II in vitro (R. Spangler, ...
    • Reliability of Water Distribution Systems 

      Wanger, Janet M.; Shamir, Uri; Marks, David H. (Cambridge, Mass : Ralph M. Parsons Laboratory, Hydrology and Water Resource Systems, Dept. of Civil Engineering, School of Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1986-06)
      Reliability of water distribution systems is becoming of increasing concern to water system designers and operators because of the increasing age of many systems and the decreasing availability of public money for water ...
    • Research Brief: A break-even hazard mitigation metric 

      Miller, T. Reed; Gregory, Jeremy; Kirchain, Randy (2017-01-12)
      CSHub researchers developed the Break Even Mitigation Percent (BEMP) to answer the question: “How much should be invested in mitigation for a particular building?”
    • Research Brief: A Reaction-­Diffusion Model to Determine Mesoscale Patterns in Cement Paste 

      Petersen, Thomas; Bazant, Martin; Pellenq, Roland; Ulm, Franz-Josef (2018-08)
      Strength and toughness, two important aspects of the durability of concrete structures, are dramatically influenced by the material’s nanotexture, but the question of how the building blocks of cement paste organize ...