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Browsing Department of Physics by Issue Date

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Browsing Department of Physics by Issue Date

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  • Arai, Keigo (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2016)
    .Precise control of quantum states is a cornerstone of quantum science and technology. Recently, a multi-level electronic spin system in a robust room-temperature solid, based on the nitrogen-vacancy (NV) color center in ...
  • Bookatz, Adam Darryl (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2016)
    In this thesis we are primarily interested in studying how to suppress errors, perform simulation, and implement logic gates in quantum computation within the context of using Hamiltonian controls. We also study the ...
  • Huang, Wujie (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2016)
    Quantum simulation is emerging as an exciting and active frontier in atomic physics. It allows us not only to verify existing models with high precision, but also to engineer novel systems with strong correlations and ...
  • Bylinskii, Alexei (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2016)
    In recent years, cold-atom experiments have moved towards atomic systems with increasingly stronger interactions. One goal is to emulate condensed-matter phenomena in an ultimately controlled system by studying the motion ...
  • Gangloff, Dorian Armand (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2016)
    Friction is the basic, ubiquitous mechanical interaction between two surfaces that results in resistance to motion and energy dissipation. To test long-standing atomistic models of friction processes at the nanoscale, we ...
  • Beck, Kristin M. (Kristin Marie) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2016)
    Since the emergence of quantum computing as a field, interactions between two-level systems that can carry quantum information have been conceptualized in terms of quantum devices. Here, I demonstrate four such devices for ...
  • Sklan, Sophia Robin (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2016)
    Controlled transport of energy and information is of paramount importance. It remains challenging, however, partially from the difficulty in controlling their physical carriers. Steering electrons and photons is now routine, ...
  • Imakaev, Maksim (Maksim Viktorovich) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2016)
    Studies of chromosomes have a long history. Since late XIX century, microscopy studies have revealed that chromosomal organization as seen by light microscopy is different among organisms, cell types, or stages of the cell ...
  • Crossley, Michael James (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2016)
    Fluid dynamics is the universal theory of low-energy excitations around equilibrium states, governing the physics of long-lived modes associated with conserved charges. Historically, fluid dynamics has been formulated at ...
  • Chen, Hai, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2016)
    The cosmic ray electron and positron flux measurement can address a series of astrophysics and particle physics questions. This thesis presents an analysis of electron and positron flux from 0.5 GeV to 1 TeV using the first ...
  • Brown, Patrick Richard (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2016)
    Lead sulfide colloidal quantum dots (PbS QDs) possess a uniquely tunable set of electronic properties that has generated considerable interest in their use as active materials in lightweight, flexible, solution-processed ...
  • Ennever, Paul Chappell (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2016)
    Turbulence in tokamak plasmas is the primary means by which energy is transported from the core of the plasma to the edge, where it is lost, and is therefore the main limitation of tokamak plasma performance. Dilution of ...
  • Kolodrubetz, Daniel W. (Daniel Walter) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2016)
    In order to gain a deeper understanding of the Standard Model of particle physics and test its limitations, it is necessary to carry out accurate calculations to compare with experimental results. Event shapes provide a ...
  • Mahmood, Fahad, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2016)
    Quantum materials are solids that cannot be described by the single-particle band models of conventional condensed matter physics. Rather strong inter-particle interactions and coupling between various degrees of freedom ...
  • Liu, David, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2016)
    In the first part of this thesis, we present a new technique for the design of transformation optics devices based on large-scale optimization to achieve the optimal effective isotropic dielectric materials within prescribed ...
  • Zhang, JieXi (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2016)
    This thesis reports the first high power tests of a hybrid photonic band gap (PBG) accelerator structure. PBG structures can support a single electromagnetic mode, thus damping higher-order modes (HOMs) generated by ...
  • Perunov, Nikolay (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2016)
    In this thesis, we use the methods of statistical physics to provide quantitative insights into the behavior of biological systems. In the first half of the thesis, we use equilibrium statistical physics to develop a ...
  • Isogai, Tomoki (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2016)
    Optical precision measurements have become one of the most important tools in physics to test the fundamental laws and to probe the universe around us. Often such experiments require high finesse cavities, and optical loss ...
  • Gulhan, Doga C. (Doga Can) (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2016)
    Two dijet measurements, one using 35 pb-¹ pPb data at [square root]sNN- 5.02 TeV, and another with 166 [mu]b-¹ PbPb and 5.3 pb-¹ pp data at [square root]sNN = 2.76 TeV collected with CMS detector at the LHC, are presented. ...
  • Feng, Lu, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 2016)
    Many astronomical sources produce transient phenomena at radio frequencies, but the transient sky at low frequencies (< 300 MHz) remain relatively unexplored. Blind surveys with new widefield radio instruments are filling ...
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