Now showing items 1-15 of 15

    • The Coming Hangover: Magnified Effects of Sequestration on Research Enterprises 

      Ghaffarzadegan, Navid; Larson, Richard Charles; Hawley, Joshua (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2013-03)
      As of March 1, 2013 the US government is taking an $85 billion budget cut. Also referred as the “sequestration”, this automatic spending cut policy might continue for several upcoming years and potentially affect many ...
    • Congestion Pricing: A Parking Queue Model 

      Larson, Richard Charles; Sasanuma, Katsunobu (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2007-08)
      Congestion pricing imposes a usage fee on a public resource during times of high demand. Road pricing involves cordoning off a section of the city and imposing a fee on vehicles that enter it. Parking pricing increases the ...
    • Engineering Effective Response to Outbreaks of Influenza 

      Finkelstein, Stan Neil; Larson, Richard Charles; Nigmatulina, Karima; Teytelman, Anna (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2014-03)
      Objective. Allocation of vaccines and deployment of non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) are critical to controlling influenza. We examine how these policies can minimize the societal impact. Methods. An engineering ...
    • Engineering Responses to Pandemics 

      Larson, Richard Charles; Nigmatulina, Karima R. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2009-08)
      Focusing on pandemic influenza, this chapter approaches the planning for and response to such a major worldwide health event as a complex engineering systems problem. Action-oriented analysis of pandemics requires a broad ...
    • Hiring College Graduates to Flip Hamburgers: An Endogenous Theory of Professionalization 

      Ghaffarzadegan, Navid; Hue, Yi; Larson, Richard Charles (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2014-03)
      In this paper, we offer an endogenous theory of professionalization and ever-higher degree attainment. We theorize that higher education is a self-driving growth engine. We introduce two endogenous mechanisms that act on ...
    • Holistic Trinity of Services Sciences: Management, Social, & Engineering Sciences 

      Larson, Richard Charles (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2007-04)
      Services industries comprise about 75% of the economy of developed nations. To design and operate services systems for today and tomorrow, we need to educate a new type of engineer who focuses not on manufacturing but on ...
    • Lesson Study and Lesson Sharing: An Appealing Marriage 

      Hird, Mackenzie D.; Larson, Richard Charles; Okubo, Yuko; Uchino, Kanji (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2014-03)
      Lesson Study and lesson sharing are two educational initiatives that, if merged, have the potential to revolutionize how teachers plan and deliver lessons. Lesson Study is the joint production of lessons by a small team ...
    • Pandemic Flu: Yes, We Can Do Something About It! 

      Larson, Richard Charles (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2007-08)
      The emergence of influenza with virulence comparable to the famous 1918-1919 “Spanish Flu” has the potential to kill hundreds of millions of people worldwide. Should we find ourselves being forced to ‘live with the flu,’ ...
    • A Proposal to Improve the Health Care Systems for the Urban Poor in the Squatter Settlements of the Developing Countries 

      Larson, Richard Charles; Varol, Nebibe (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2003-07)
      Rapid urbanization and large scale population movements from rural to urban areas have resulted in unprecedented health crises in the developing countries. In addition to communicable diseases, respiratory infections and ...
    • Revisiting R[subscript 0], the Basic Reproductive Number for Pandemic Influenza 

      Larson, Richard Charles (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2008-02)
      This paper focuses on a fundamental input parameter for most existing mathematical models of pandemic influenza, the ‘basic reproductive number R[subscript 0],’ defined to be the mean number of new influenza infections ...
    • STEM Crisis or STEM Surplus? Yes and Yes 

      Xue, Yi; Larson, Richard Charles (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2014-10)
      Over the last decade, there has been significant concern regarding a shortage of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) workers to meet the demands of the labor market. At the same time, many experts have ...
    • Stopping Pandemic Flu: Government and Community Interventions in a Multi-Community Model 

      Nigmatulina, Karima R.; Larson, Richard Charles (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2007-12)
      Focusing on mitigation strategies for global pandemic influenza, we use elementary mathematical models to evaluate the implementation and timing of intervention strategies such as travel restrictions, vaccination, social ...
    • Strategies to Overcome Network Congestion in Infrastructure Systems 

      Black, Jason W.; Larson, Richard Charles (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2006-11)
      Networked Infrastructure systems deliver services and/or products from point to point along the network. They include transportation networks (e.g., rails, highways, airports, sea ports), telecommunication networks (by ...
    • System Design and Architecture of an Online, Adaptive, and Personalized Learning Platform 

      Shaw, Cole; Larson, Richard Charles (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2013-11)
      The authors propose that personalized learning can be brought to traditional and nontraditional learners through a new type of asynchronous learning platform called Guided Learning Pathways (GLP). The GLP platform allows ...
    • Too Many Ph.D. Graduates or Too Few Academic Job Openings: The Basic Reproductive Number R[subscript 0] in Academia 

      Larson, Richard Charles; Ghaffarzadegan, Navid; Xue, Yi (Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Engineering Systems Division, 2013-03)
      The academic job market has become increasingly competitive for Ph.D. graduates. In this Note we ask the basic question of “Are we producing more Ph.D.’s than needed?” We take a systems approach and offer a “birth rate” ...