Ab initio screening of lithium diffusion rates in transition metal oxide cathodes for lithium ion batteries
Author(s)Moore, Charles J. (Charles Jacob)
From the beginning screening of lithium diffusion rates in transition metal oxide cathodes for lithium ion batteries
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering.
MetadataShow full item record
A screening metric for diffusion limitations in lithium ion battery cathodes is derived using transition state theory and common materials properties. The metric relies on net activation barrier for lithium diffusion. Several cathode materials are screened using this approach: [beta]'-LiFePO4, hexagonal LiMnBO3, monoclinic LiMnBO3, Li 3Mn(CO3)(PO4), and Li9V3 (P2O7)3(PO4) 2. The activation barriers for the materials are determined using a combined approach. First, an empirical potential model is used to identify the lithium diffusion topology. Second, density functional theory is used to determine migration barriers. The accuracy of the empirical potential diffusion topologies, the density functional theory migration barriers, and the overall screening metric are compared against experimental evidence to validate the methodology. The accuracy of the empirical potential model is also evaluated against the density functional theory migration barriers.
Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering, 2012.Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (p. 57-62).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Materials Science and Engineering.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Materials Science and Engineering.