Electrically tunable transverse magnetic focusing in graphene
Author(s)Taychatanapat, Thiti; Watanabe, Kenji; Taniguchi, Takashi; Jarillo-Herrero, Pablo
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Electrons in a periodic lattice can propagate without scattering for macroscopic distances despite the presence of the non-uniform Coulomb potential due to the nuclei. Such ballistic motion of electrons allows the use of a transverse magnetic field to focus electrons. This phenomenon, known as transverse magnetic focusing (TMF), has been used to study the Fermi surface of metals and semiconductor heterostructures, as well as to investigate Andreev reflection and spin–orbit interaction, and to detect composite fermions. Here we report on the experimental observation of TMF in high-mobility mono-, bi- and tri-layer graphene devices. The ability to tune the graphene carrier density enables us to investigate TMF continuously from the hole to the electron regime and analyse the resulting focusing fan. Moreover, by applying a transverse electric field to tri-layer graphene, we use TMF as a ballistic electron spectroscopy method to investigate controlled changes in the electronic structure of a material. Finally, we demonstrate that TMF survives in graphene up to 300 K, by far the highest temperature reported for any system, opening the door to new room-temperature applications based on electron-optics.
Author's final manuscript January 9, 2013
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Physics
Nature Publishing Group
Taychatanapat, Thiti, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, and Pablo Jarillo-Herrero. “Electrically tunable transverse magnetic focusing in graphene.” Nature Physics 9, no. 4 (February 17, 2013): 225-229.
Author's final manuscript