Hierarchical volumetric object representations for digital fabrication workflows
Author(s)Keeter, Matthew (Matthew Joseph)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Architecture. Program in Media Arts and Sciences.
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Modern systems for computer-aided design and manufacturing (CAD/CAM) have a history dating back to drafting boards, early computers, and machine shops with specialized technicians for each stage in a manufacturing workflow. In recent years, personal-scale digital fabrication has challenged many of these workflows' build-in assumptions. A single individual may control the entire workflow, from design to manufacture; they will be using computers that are exponentially more powerful than those in the 1970s; and they may be using a wide variety of tools, machines, and processes. The variety of tools and machines leads to a combinatorial explosion of possible workflows. In addition, tools are based on boundary representations, which are fragile and can easily describe nonsensical objects. This thesis addresses these issues with a set of tools for end-to-end digital fabrication based on volumetric solid models. Workflows are modular, making it easy to add new machines, and a shared core of path-planning operations reduces system complexity. Replacing boundary representations with volumetric representations guarantees that models represent reasonable real-world solids. Adaptively sampled distance fields are used as a generic interchange format. Functional representations are used as a design representation, and we examine scaling behavior and efficient rendering. We present interactive design tools that use these representations as their geometry engine. Data from CT scans is also used to populate these distance fields, showing significant benefits in file size and resolution compared to meshes. Finally, these representations are used as inputs to a modular multimachine CAM workflow. Toolpath generation is implemented, characterized, and tested on a complex solid model. We conclude with a summary of results and recommendations for future research directions.
Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, School of Architecture and Planning, Program in Media Arts and Sciences, 2013.Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (p. 111-114).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Architecture. Program in Media Arts and Sciences.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Architecture. Program in Media Arts and Sciences.