Diagrams of affine permutations and their labellings
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mathematics.
Richard P. Stanley.
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We study affine permutation diagrams and their labellings with positive integers. Balanced labellings of a Rothe diagram of a finite permutation were defined by Fomin- Greene-Reiner-Shimozono, and we extend this notion to affine permutations. The balanced labellings give a natural encoding of the reduced decompositions of affine permutations. We show that the sum of weight monomials of the column-strict balanced labellings is the affine Stanley symmetric function which plays an important role in the geometry of the affine Grassmannian. Furthermore, we define set-valued balanced labellings in which the labels are sets of positive integers, and we investigate the relations between set-valued balanced labellings and nilHecke words in the nilHecke algebra. A signed generating function of column-strict set-valued balanced labellings is shown to coincide with the affine stable Grothendieck polynomial which is related to the K-theory of the affine Grassmannian. Moreover, for finite permutations, we show that the usual Grothendieck polynomial of Lascoux-Schiitzenberger can be obtained by flagged column-strict set-valued balanced labellings. Using the theory of balanced labellings, we give a necessary and sufficient condition for a diagram to be a permutation diagram. An affine diagram is an affine permutation diagram if and only if it is North-West and admits a special content map. We also characterize and enumerate the patterns of permutation diagrams.
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Department of Mathematics, 2013.Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (pages 63-64).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mathematics.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology