Large scale prediction models and algorithms
Author(s)Monsch, Matthieu (Matthieu Frederic)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Operations Research Center.
Vivek Farias and Georgia Perakis.
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Over 90% of the data available across the world has been produced over the last two years, and the trend is increasing. It has therefore become paramount to develop algorithms which are able to scale to very high dimensions. In this thesis we are interested in showing how we can use structural properties of a given problem to come up with models applicable in practice, while keeping most of the value of a large data set. Our first application provides a provably near-optimal pricing strategy under large-scale competition, and our second focuses on capturing the interactions between extreme weather and damage to the power grid from large historical logs. The first part of this thesis is focused on modeling competition in Revenue Management (RM) problems. RM is used extensively across a swathe of industries, ranging from airlines to the hospitality industry to retail, and the internet has, by reducing search costs for customers, potentially added a new challenge to the design and practice of RM strategies: accounting for competition. This work considers a novel approach to dynamic pricing in the face of competition that is intuitive, tractable and leads to asymptotically optimal equilibria. We also provide empirical support for the notion of equilibrium we posit. The second part of this thesis was done in collaboration with a utility company in the North East of the United States. In recent years, there has been a number of powerful storms that led to extensive power outages. We provide a unified framework to help power companies reduce the duration of such outages. We first train a data driven model to predict the extent and location of damage from weather forecasts. This information is then used in a robust optimization model to optimally dispatch repair crews ahead of time. Finally, we build an algorithm that uses incoming customer calls to compute the likelihood of damage at any point in the electrical network.
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Operations Research Center, 2013.Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.Includes bibliographical references (pages 129-132).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Operations Research Center.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology