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dc.contributor.advisorMartin A. Schmidt.en_US
dc.contributor.authorYang, Xue'en, 1975-en_US
dc.contributor.otherMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Mechanical Engineering.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2005-08-23T21:10:12Z
dc.date.available2005-08-23T21:10:12Z
dc.date.copyright2001en_US
dc.date.issued2001en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/8548
dc.descriptionThesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, 2001.en_US
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references (p. 95-96).en_US
dc.description.abstractA microfabricated, electro-statically actuated, on/off gas valve made of silicon material has been designed, fabricated and tested. The valve will be a fuel control component in a micro-scale gas turbine engine. Room-temperature testing results using nitrogen have demonstrated repeatable valve functions and choked flow characteristics. MIT has initiated a project to build a micro-scale gas turbine generator for high power density output in applications such as portable power source or micro air vehicles. For closed-loop operation, a valve is required to be able to withstand 10 atm upstream pressure under high-temperature operating environment (700K), and result in a maximum flow rate of 600 sccm while has very low gas leakage rate. These system requirements can not be met by previously reported MEMS valve, many of which are designed for low temperature or low pressure applications. The microengine prototype valve comprises of three fusion-bonded SOI wafers. Electrostatic- actuation is used to lift the silicon boss actuator supported on four L-shaped tethers and open against high pressure. Polysilicon is chosen as the seat material for high-temperature operating environment. The flow path of the valve is designed to be choked and because of the micro-scale nature, both viscous and compressible effects are taken into consideration in flow analysis with axis-symmetric geometric. It is demonstrated that at operating pressure of 10 atmosphere, the valve can be opened at less than 150 V with power consumption that is less than 0.04 mW. The gas leakage at the same pressure is estimated to be less than 0.03 sccm Helium, while the open flow rate is 43 sccm (3 g/hr) nitrogen. Commercial fluid analysis package CFD FLUET is used to model the flow and very good agreement with experimental data is obtained. In the future, an array of 20 on/off valves (to obtain 5% accuracy in flow rate) will be used to accomplish the fuel control scheme of the microengine.en_US
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityby Xue'en Yang.en_US
dc.format.extent133 p.en_US
dc.format.extent8582707 bytes
dc.format.extent8582464 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoengen_US
dc.publisherMassachusetts Institute of Technologyen_US
dc.rightsM.I.T. theses are protected by copyright. They may be viewed from this source for any purpose, but reproduction or distribution in any format is prohibited without written permission. See provided URL for inquiries about permission.en_US
dc.rights.urihttp://dspace.mit.edu/handle/1721.1/7582
dc.subjectMechanical Engineering.en_US
dc.titleA MEMS valve for the MIT Microengineen_US
dc.title.alternativeMicroelectromechanical systems valve for the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Microengineen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.description.degreeS.M.en_US
dc.contributor.departmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Mechanical Engineering
dc.identifier.oclc49014830en_US


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