Active control of tip clearance flow in axial compressors
Author(s)Bae, Jinwoo W
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics.
Kenneth S. Breuer.
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Control of compressor tip clearance flows is explored in a linear cascade using three types of fluidic actuators; Normal Synthetic Jet (NSJ; unsteady jet normal to the mean flow with zero net mass flux), Directed Synthetic Jet (DSJ; injection roughly aligned with the mean flow), and Steady Directed Jet (SDJ), mounted on the casing wall. The objective is to affect the following measures: (1) reduction of tip leakage flow rate, (2) mixing enhancement between tip leakage and core flow, and (3) increase in streamwise momentum of the flow in the endwall region. The measurements show that the NSJ provides mixing enhancement only, or both mixing enhancement and leakage flow reduction, depending on its pitchwise location. The DSJ and SDJ actuators provide streamwise momentum enhancement with a consequent reduction of clearance-related blockage. The blockage reduction associated with the use of NSJ is sensitive to actuator frequency, whereas that with the use of DSJ is not. For a given actuation amplitude, DSJ and SDJ are about twice as effective as NSJ in reducing clearance-related blockage. Further the DSJ and SDJ can eliminate clearance-related blockage with a time-averaged momentum flux roughly 16% of the momentum flux of the leakage flow.(cont.) However, achieving overall gain in efficiency appears to be hard; the decrease in loss is only about 30% of the expended flow power from the present SDJ actuator, which is the best among the actuators considered. Guidelines for improving the efficiency of the directed jet actuation are presented. Time-resolved measurements show periodic unsteadiness of the tip clearance vortex with the peak frequency corresponding to the optimum condition for blockage reduction with the NSJ. A physical explanation of the source of the observed periodic unsteadiness is suggested based on trailing vortex instability theory. Observations of the time scale for the unsteadiness from different compressor geometries and flow conditions are shown to scale with a reduced frequency based on convective time through the blade passage.
Thesis (Ph. D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics, 2001.Includes bibliographical references.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Aeronautics and Astronautics.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Aeronautics and Astronautics.