Anytime information theory
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
Sanjoy K. Mitter.
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We study the reliable communication of delay-sensitive bit streams through noisy channels. To bring the issues into sharp focus, we will focus on the specific problem of communicating the values of an unstable real-valued discrete-time Markov random process through a finite capacity noisy channel so as to have finite average squared error from end-to-end. On the source side, we give a coding theorem for such unstable processes that shows that we can achieve the rate-distortion bound even in the infinite horizon case if we are willing to tolerate bounded delays in encoding and decoding. On the channel side, we define a new parametric notion of capacity called anytime capacity that corresponds to a sense of reliable transmission that is stronger than the traditional Shannon capacity sense but is less demanding than the sense underlying zero-error capacity. We show that anytime capacity exists for memoryless channels without feedback and is connected to standard random coding error exponents. The main result of the thesis is a new source/channel separation theorem that encompasses unstable processes and establishes that the stronger notion of anytime capacity is required to be able to deal with delay-sensitive bit streams. This theorem is then applied in the control systems context to show that anytime capacity is also required to evaluate channels if we intend to use them as part of a feedback link from sensing to actuation. Finally, the theorem is used to shed light on the concept of "quality of service requirements" by examining a toy mathematical example for which we prove the absolute necessity of differentiated service without appealing to human preferences.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2001.Includes bibliographical references (p. 171-175).
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.