Bipolar cascade lasers
Author(s)Patterson, Steven Gregory
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
Rajeev J. Ram.
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This thesis addresses issues of the design and modeling of the Bipolar Cascade Laser (BCL), a new type of quantum well laser. BCLs consist of multiple single stage lasers electrically coupled via tunnel junctions. The BCL ideally operates by having each injected electron participate in a recombination event in the topmost active region, then tunnel from the valence band of the first active region into the conduction band of the next active region, participate in another recombination event, and so on through each stage of the cascade. As each electron may produce more than one photon the quantum efficiency of the device can, in theory, exceed 100%. This work resulted in the first room temperature, continuous-wave operation of a BCL, with a record 99.3% differential slope efficiency. The device was fully characterized and modeled to include light output and voltage versus current bias, modulation response and thermal properties. A new singlemode bipolar cascade laser, the bipolar cascade antiresonant reflecting optical waveguide laser, was proposed and modeled.
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2000.Includes bibliographical references.
DepartmentMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.