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dc.contributor.authorBrewer, Shelby Templetonen_US
dc.contributor.otherMassachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Nuclear Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.otherUnited States. Department of Energyen_US
dc.contributor.otherU.S. Atomic Energy Commissionen_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-09-16T23:33:20Z
dc.date.available2014-09-16T23:33:20Z
dc.date.issued1972en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1721.1/89715
dc.description"November, 1972."en_US
dc.descriptionAlso issued as a Ph. D. thesis by the first author and supervised by the second and third author, MIT, Dept. of Nuclear Engineering 1973en_US
dc.descriptionIncludes bibliographical references (pages 333-342)en_US
dc.description.abstractA fast breeder reactor fuel depletion-economics model was developed and applied to a number of 1000 MWe UMBR case studies, involving radial blanket-radial reflector design, radial blanket fuel management, and sensitivity of energy costs to changes in the economic environment. Choice of fuel cost accounting philosophy, e.g. whether or not to tax plutonium revenue, was found to have significant effect on absolute values of energy costs, without, however, distorting design rankings, comparative results, and irradiation time optimization. A single multigroup physics computation, to obtain the flux shape and local spectra for depletion calculations, was found to be sufficient for preliminary design and sensitivity studies. The major source of error in blanket depletion results was found to be the assumption of a fixed flux snape over an irradiation cycle; spectrum hardening in the radial blanket with irradiation is of minor importance. The simple depletion-economics model was applied to several 1000 NWe L1FBR case studies. Advantages of a moderating reflector were found to increase as blanket thickness was reduced. For a 45 cm radial blanket, a beryllium metal reflector offered little improvement, in blanket fuel economics, over sodium; for a 15 cm blanket, beryllium increased net blanket revenue by about 60%. An improvement of about 30% in net blanket revenue resulted when each radial blanket annular region was assumed to be expose" to its own local optimum irradiation time. Optimum radial blanket irradiation time and the net blanket revenue (mills/Khiie) at this optimum were found to be approximately linear in the unit fuel cycle costs, i.e. fabrication and reprocessing costs ($/4gld) and fissile market value ($/kg).en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipU.S. Atomic Energy Commission contract AT(11-1)-3060en_US
dc.format.extent342 pagesen_US
dc.publisherCambridge, Mass. : Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Nuclear Engineering, [1972]en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesMITNE ; no. 123en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesCOO (Series) ; 3060-4en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesAEC research and development reporten_US
dc.subject.lccTK9008.M41 N96 no.123en_US
dc.subject.lcshLiquid metal fast breeder reactorsen_US
dc.subject.lcshNuclear fuels -- Economic aspectsen_US
dc.titleThe economics of fuel depletion in fast breeder reactor blanketsen_US
dc.typeTechnical Reporten_US
dc.identifier.oclc856905055en_US


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